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26.11.2018 Open Access

Evaluation of recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias in patients who survived out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation: eligibility for subcutaneous implantable defibrillator therapy

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Autoren:
Dominic A. M. J. Theuns, Rohit E. Bhagwandien, Tamas Szili-Torok, Felix Zijlstra, Sing-Chien Yap

Abstract

Purpose

The subcutaneous implantable defibrillator (S-ICD) was developed to avoid complications related to transvenous leads. A trade-off with the S-ICD is the inability to deliver antitachycardia pacing (ATP). Data is scarce about the recurrence and characteristics of ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTa) during a follow-up in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation (OHCA-VF). The aim of the study is to determine the characteristics of VTa triggering ICD therapy in order to assess whether survivors of OHCA-VF are eligible candidates for the S-ICD.

Methods

All OHCA-VF patients who received a transvenous ICD were identified, 378 patients, age 57 ± 14 years, predominantly male (76%) with ischemic heart disease (58%). Arrhythmic endpoints were appropriate ICD therapies for any ventricular arrhythmia.

Results

Over a median follow-up of 4.5 years, 690 VTa in 91 patients (24%) were terminated by ICD therapy; 70% of patients had < 5 VTa with ICD therapy. VTa with cycle length ≤ 300 ms were mainly (82%) treated by shock, while 83% of VTa with cycle length > 300 ms were treated by ATP. The presence of a remote myocardial infarction (OR 2.07; 95% CI 1.08–3.97) and LVEF ≤ 0.35 (OR 2.09; 95% CI 1.09–4.00) were significantly associated with the occurrence of VTa with cycle length > 300 ms.

Conclusion

S-ICD implantation may be reasonable in survivors of OHCA-VF who present without a remote myocardial infarction and LVEF > 35%.

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