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30.04.2018 | Oncology | Ausgabe 10/2018

European Radiology 10/2018

Evaluation of T categories for pure ground-glass nodules with semi-automatic volumetry: is mass a better predictor of invasive part size than other volumetric parameters?

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology > Ausgabe 10/2018
Autoren:
Hyungjin Kim, Jin Mo Goo, Chang Min Park
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00330-018-5440-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Objectives

This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic advantage of nodule mass in differentiating invasive pulmonary adenocarcinomas (IPAs) among pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs) over other volumetric measurements. Another aim of this study was to analyse the correlation between volumetric measurements on computed tomography (CT) scans and the pathological invasive component size.

Methods

This Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective study included 117 patients (men:women = 53:64; mean age, 57.3 years) with 117 pGGNs. Semi-automatic segmentation was performed for all nodules, and volumetric measurements, such as nodule volume, attenuation, mass, two-dimensional (2D) average diameter and three-dimensional (3D) longest diameter, were obtained. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were performed to evaluate the diagnostic performances of the volumetric parameters in discriminating IPAs. Spearman correlation coefficients were calculated between the volumetric measurements and the invasive component size.

Results

Area under the ROC curve for mass was 0.792 (95% CI, 0.691-0.872) in non-enhanced CT and 0.730 (95% CI, 0.607-0.832) in contrast-enhanced CT. Nodule mass was not superior to 2D average diameter for the differentiation of IPAs in both non-enhanced (0.792 vs 0.780; p = 0.501) CT and contrast-enhanced CT scans (0.730 vs 0.700; p = 0.319). The correlation between the volumetric measurements (mass, 3D longest diameter and 2D average diameter) and the invasive component size was moderate (Spearman’s rho, 0.401-0.422) in non-enhanced CT and weak (Spearman’s rho, 0.276-0.310) in contrast-enhanced CT.

Conclusions

Nodule mass measurement had no strength over other volumetric parameters for the prediction of pathological invasiveness in the diagnosis of pGGNs.

Key Points

• Mass is not superior to other volumetric measurements for the diagnosis of pure ground-glass nodules.
• Mass and two-dimensional average diameter exhibited comparable performance for the discrimination of invasive adenocarcinomas among pure ground-glass nodules.
• The diagnostic performance of volumetric measurements was lower on contrast-enhanced CT scans.
• The correlation between the volumetric measurements and the invasive component size was moderate on non-enhanced CT scans and weak on contrast-enhanced CT scans.

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