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01.12.2017 | Original investigation | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Cardiovascular Diabetology 1/2017

Evolution and bad prognostic value of advanced glycation end products after acute heart failure: relation with body composition

Cardiovascular Diabetology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Beatriz Paradela-Dobarro, Ángel Fernández-Trasancos, Diana Bou-Teen, Sonia Eiras, Rocío González-Ferreiro, Rosa M. Agra, Alfonso Varela-Román, Ana I. Castro-Pais, Marcos C. Carreira, Felipe F. Casanueva, Ezequiel Álvarez, José R. González-Juanatey
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​s12933-017-0598-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Ezequiel Álvarez and José R. González-Juanatey equally contributed to the work



The role of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their soluble receptor (sRAGE) on the progression and prognosis of acute heart failure (HF) was analysed in relation with metabolic parameters as body composition and nutritional status.


A hundred and fifty consecutive patients were included in a prospective clinical study during hospitalization by acute HF. Detailed medical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and vein peripheral blood were taken for all patients. During the follow-up period [297 days (88–422 days)] blood samples for biochemical measurements were obtained 1 and 6 months after the inclusion. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry analyses were performed 1 week after discharge.


AGEs and sRAGE levels continuously increased, up to 6 months, after acute HF, but AGEs increase was mainly observed in those patients with incident HF. Both AGEs and sRAGE levels were related with bad renal function and clinical malnutrition (CONUT score) and they were negatively related with body mass index or percentage of body fat. AGEs levels (≥40 a.u.) 1 month after discharge and basal sRAGE levels (>1000 pg/mL) were related with worse prognosis in terms of patient death and HF readmission (Log-rank <0.05 in Kaplan–Meier survival test), independently of age, gender, body mass index and other risk factors. Regression models also corroborated this finding.


AGEs and sRAGE are bad prognostic biomarkers for HF and useful markers of HF progression. Since their levels seem to be related with clinical malnutrition and body composition these parameters could serve to modulate them.
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