Plain English summary
Target population and sampling
Data collection procedures
Data management and analysis
Pharmacologic labour pain management
Use of opioid and non-opioid pharmacological agents
Variations of prescription of analgesics
Fear of side effects of analgesics
Experiences with local and epidural anaesthesia
“ I tell them ‘with the help of God, it will be alright and everything will be successful.” (MW3); “I tell her to be strong and she will be a bit calmer” (MW2)
“ We encourage the woman saying “that is your baby’s hairs’ there touch it and see” … then she will say. “Really! The head is there” then she will touch with her hand… then the woman will push” (MW1).
“ The high workload is not allowing us to manage the pain” (MW1).
“ I delivered four patients within a short time;…the ward was so busy, that day we were only three nurses and three midwives…it was very pathetic.; …to deliver three others successively. …when you are assigned three beds, you end up taking care of six or eight women” (MW15).