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01.12.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 8/2014

European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology 8/2014

Experimental remodellation of extracorporeal irradiated autogenous and allogenic patellar grafts

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology > Ausgabe 8/2014
Autoren:
Elhan Gasimov, Dundar Sabah, Ozlem Yilmaz, Burcin Kececi, Gulperi Oktem

Abstract

Background

Irradiated autografts have been used to aid the recovery of bone defects, and the results are well documented. Recently, bone allografts with tendinous attachments have been used to restore the function of joints. Similar reconstructions can be performed with irradiated autografts. However, little information is available on the biology of extracorporeal irradiated tendon autografts.

Questions/purposes

An experimental rabbit model was used to investigate the quality of healing and remodeling of the irradiated autogenous patellar tendon graft after 3 and 12 weeks using immunohistochemical and morphometric analyses.

Methods

New Zealand rabbits (n = 40) were randomly divided into autograft and allograft groups. The right knees of all animals served as the control (sham). The patellar tendon graft of the control right knee was reimplanted into its original location without any processing, while the patellar tendon of the left knee in the autograft group was reimplanted into the original location after 50 Gy irradiation. In the allograft group, the patellar tendon was sutured to the knee of another rabbit following 50 Gy irradiation. Five rabbits from each group were sacrificed and examined histologically.

Results

There were significant differences in the number of fibroblasts after 12 weeks between allograft and sham groups (P = 0.002). On the other hand, there were no differences between the allograft and autograft groups at the 12th week (P = 0.139). The difference in fibroblast numbers between autograft and allograft groups was statistically significant after the 3rd week (P < 0.05). Collagen fibril thickness was different between both the allograft and sham groups (P = 0.002) and the allograft and autograft groups at the 12th week (P = 0.000). Collagen fibrils were thicker in the sham and autograft groups compared with the allograft group at the 3rd week of evaluation (P < 0.05). The Ki67 index was significantly different between the allograft and sham groups at the 12th week (P < 0.032), while there was no difference between the allograft and autograft groups (P > 0.05). At the 3rd week, Ki67 reactivity was higher in the allograft group compared with the other two groups (P < 0.05).

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