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01.06.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2014

International Journal of Colorectal Disease 6/2014

Expression analysis of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) and Her2 in colon carcinoma

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Colorectal Disease > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
Enken Drecoll, Ulrich Nitsche, Karina Bauer, Sabina Berezowska, Julia Slotta-Huspenina, Robert Rosenberg, Rupert Langer

Abstract

Purpose

The molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) plays an important role in several types of tumors also participating in the modulation of the activity of receptor tyrosine kinases activity such as members of the Her family. We evaluated the significance of HSP90 and Her2 expression in colon cancer.

Methods

HSP90 and Her2 expression was determined by immunohistochemistry and by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on 355 primary resected colon carcinomas. Results were correlated with pathologic features (Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) pTNM category, tumor localisation, tumor differentiation), additional molecular genetic characteristics (BRAF, KRAS mutational status, mismatch repair genes (MMR)), and survival.

Results

HSP90 immunoreactivity was observed in various degrees. Fifty-one cases (14 %) were positive for Her2 (score 2+ and 3+) with 16/43 cases with Her2 2+ staining pattern showing amplification of Her2 determined by FISH. There was a significant correlation between high HSP90 expression and Her2 overexpression (p = 0.011). High HSP90 expression was associated with earlier tumor stages (p = 0.019), absence of lymph node (p = 0.006), and absence of distant metastases (p = 0.001). Patients with high tumoral HSP90 levels had a better survival (p = 0.032), but this was not independent from other prognostic relevant pathologic parameters. Her2 expression was not associated with any of the investigated histopathological, molecular, or clinical parameters.

Conclusions

High HSP90 levels are reflecting lower malignant potential in colon cancer. Her2 positivity can be observed in a small number of cases. Targeting HSP90 and/or Her2 may be an alternative therapeutic approach in colon cancer in a subset of patients.

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