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01.11.2018 | Systems-Level Quality Improvement | Ausgabe 11/2018 Open Access

Journal of Medical Systems 11/2018

Extraction of Ejection Fraction from Echocardiography Notes for Constructing a Cohort of Patients having Heart Failure with reduced Ejection Fraction (HFrEF)

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Medical Systems > Ausgabe 11/2018
Autoren:
Kavishwar B. Wagholikar, Christina M. Fischer, Alyssa Goodson, Christopher D. Herrick, Martin Rees, Eloy Toscano, Calum A. MacRae, Benjamin M. Scirica, Akshay S. Desai, Shawn N. Murphy
Wichtige Hinweise
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Systems-Level Quality Improvement

Abstract

Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is an important prognostic indicator of cardiovascular outcomes. It is used clinically to determine the indication for several therapeutic interventions. LVEF is most commonly derived using in-line tools and some manual assessment by cardiologists from standardized echocardiographic views. LVEF is typically documented in free-text reports, and variation in LVEF documentation pose a challenge for the extraction and utilization of LVEF in computer-based clinical workflows. To address this problem, we developed a computerized algorithm to extract LVEF from echocardiography reports for the identification of patients having heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) for therapeutic intervention at a large healthcare system. We processed echocardiogram reports for 57,158 patients with coded diagnosis of Heart Failure that visited the healthcare system over a two-year period. Our algorithm identified a total of 3910 patients with reduced ejection fraction. Of the 46,634 echocardiography reports processed, 97% included a mention of LVEF. Of these reports, 85% contained numerical ejection fraction values, 9% contained ranges, and the remaining 6% contained qualitative descriptions. Overall, 18% of extracted numerical LVEFs were ≤ 40%. Furthermore, manual validation for a sample of 339 reports yielded an accuracy of 1.0. Our study demonstrates that a regular expression-based approach can accurately extract LVEF from echocardiograms, and is useful for delineating heart-failure patients with reduced ejection fraction.

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