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01.11.2015 | Short Communication - Health Services Research | Ausgabe 11/2015

Rheumatology International 11/2015

Factors associated with the intensification of treatment in rheumatoid arthritis in clinical practice

Zeitschrift:
Rheumatology International > Ausgabe 11/2015
Autoren:
Antonio Naranjo, Laura Cáceres, José Ángel Hernández-Beriaín, Félix Francisco, Soledad Ojeda, Sigrid Talaverano, Javier Nóvoa-Medina, José Adán Martín, Esmeralda Delgado, Elisa Trujillo, Fátima Álvarez, Laura Magdalena, Carlos Rodríguez-Lozano
Wichtige Hinweise
A comment to this article is available at http://​dx.​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00296-015-3402-2.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to analyse the patterns of treatment adjustment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with active disease in routine clinical care. This was a cross-sectional study of consecutive patients with RA conducted in five hospitals. Activity scales (DAS28-ESR) and function (HAQ) were measured, as well as whether ultrasound was performed as part of the assessment. Treatment decision (no changes/reduction/intensification) and time to the next scheduled visit were the outcomes variables. Associated factors were analysed by multilevel regression models. A total of 343 patients were included (77 % women, mean age 57 years, mean RA duration 10 years), of whom 44 % were in remission by DAS28. Treatment was continued in 202 (59 %) patients, reduced in 57 (16 %), and intensified in 83 (24 %). In the 117 patients with active RA (DAS28 ≥ 3.2), treatment was intensified in 61 (52 %). Factors associated with treatment intensification were physician and patient VAS, and DAS28, but not the centre. In the multilevel regression analysis with intensification of treatment as dependent variable, the following factors were significantly associated: DAS28 [OR 3.67 (95 % CI 2.43–5.52)], patient VAS [OR 1.04 (95 % CI 1.01–1.08)], and have performed an ultrasound [OR 3.36 (95 % CI 1.47–7.68)]. Factors associated with time to the next scheduled visit (an average of 4.3 months) were patient and physician VAS, DAS28, and centre. In clinical practice, half of the patients with active RA maintain or reduce the treatment. The decision to intensify treatment in active RA as recommended by a treat-to-target strategy is complex in practice.

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