07.07.2020 | Research Article | Ausgabe 4/2020
Factors associated with work impairment and productivity among Lebanese community pharmacists
International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
- Rita Farah, Diana Malaeb, Hala Sacre, Marwan Akel, Souheil Hallit, Pascale Salameh
Background Community pharmacists provide an essential service by promoting, maintaining and improving the health of the community. However, factors affecting community pharmacists’ work productivity remain poorly studied. Objective Our study aimed to assess, on a national level, work productivity components and its correlates among Lebanese community pharmacists. Methods: The study was carried out between March and July 2018, using a representative sample of community pharmacies from all districts of Lebanon. Main outcome measure: The work productivity components were assessed using the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire. Results The study included 435 community pharmacists, the prevalence of sickness presenteeism and sickness absenteeism reached 91% and 45%, respectively. Presenteeism was positively associated with reporting higher depression score (β = 0.26) and insomnia (β = 0.20) whereas better mental (β = − 0.35) and physical health (β = − 0.38) were negatively associated with presenteeism. Absenteeism was positively associated with male gender (adjusted OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.14–3.70), reporting higher depression score (adjusted OR = 1.07, 95% CI 1.02–1.11) and negatively associated with better mental and physical health (adjusted OR = 0.93, 95% CI 0.90–0.96 and adjusted OR = 0.96, 95% CI 0.93–0.99; respectively). Activity impairment was positively associated with depression (β = 0.16) and insomnia (β = 0.12) and negatively associated with better mental (β = − 0.22) and physical health (β = − 0.015). Conclusion This is the first study assessing work productivity and activity impairment among Lebanese community pharmacists. Further research is needed to predict sickness absenteeism and presenteeism and this information will be useful to ensure quality of care is delivered.