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01.01.2013 | Symposium: Papers Presented at the Annual Meetings of the Knee Society | Ausgabe 1/2013

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® 1/2013

Failure of Irrigation and Débridement for Early Postoperative Periprosthetic Infection

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® > Ausgabe 1/2013
MD Thomas K. Fehring, MEd Susan M. Odum, MD Keith R. Berend, MD William A. Jiranek, MD Javad Parvizi, MD Kevin J. Bozic, MD Craig J. Della Valle, MD Terence J. Gioe
Wichtige Hinweise
Each author certifies that he or she, or a member of his or her immediate family, has no commercial associations (eg, consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article.
All ICMJE Conflict of Interest Forms for authors and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research editors and board members are on file with the publication and can be viewed on request.
Each author certifies that his or her institution approved the human protocol for this investigation, that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research, and that informed consent for participation in the study was obtained.
Data were collected at each institution. Data analysis was conducted at OrthoCarolina Research Institute, Charlotte, NC, USA.



Irrigation and débridement (I&D) of periprosthetic infection (PPI) is associated with infection control ranging from 16% to 47%. Mitigating factors include organism type, host factors, and timing of intervention. While the influence of organism type and host factors has been clarified, the timing of intervention remains unclear.


We addressed the following questions: What is the failure rate of I&Ds performed within 90 days of primary surgery? And what factors are associated with failure?


We performed a multicenter retrospective analysis of I&D for PPI within 90 days of primary surgery. We included 86 patients (44 males, 42 females) with an average age of 61 years. Failure was defined as return to the operating room for an infection-related problem. We determined the failure rate of I&D within 90 days of primary surgery and whether the odds of rerevision for infection were associated with Charlson Comorbidity Index, age, sex, joint, organism type, and timing. The minimum followup was 24 months (average, 46 months; range, 24–106 months).


54 of 86 patients (63%) failed. Eight of 10 (80%) failed within the first 10 days, 32 of 57 (56%) within 4 weeks, and 22 of 29 (76%) within 31 to 90 days postoperatively. No covariates were associated with subsequent revision surgery for infection.


I&D for PPI is frequently used in the early postoperative period to control infection. While it is assumed early intervention will lead to control of infection in most cases, our data contradict this assumption.

Level of Evidence

Level III, therapeutic study. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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