Skip to main content
Erschienen in:

30.01.2019 | Original Paper

Feasibility and Acceptability of an Online Positive Affect Intervention for Those Living with Comorbid HIV Depression

verfasst von: S. M. Bassett, M. Cohn, P. Cotten, I. Kwok, J. T. Moskowitz

Erschienen in: AIDS and Behavior | Ausgabe 3/2019

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Abstract

Positive affect has unique beneficial effects on psychological and physical health, independent of the effects of negative affect. Interventions that explicitly target positive affect show promise for improving health outcomes in a number of chronic illnesses. In this article, we present pilot data on the acceptability and feasibility of an online intervention to increase positive affect in those living with comorbid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and depression. The intervention was rated both acceptable and feasible by participants. Six of nine participants completed the intervention and the subsequent follow-up assessment and a post-intervention phone call. We also present outcomes of planned comparisons of intervention effects on emotion, which indicate that positive affect increased significantly in the intervention group. Based upon results of the current study, future research should continue the development of positive affect interventions for people living with comorbid HIV and depression.
Literatur
1.
Zurück zum Zitat White House Office of National AIDS Policy. National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States: updated to 2020. 2015. White House Office of National AIDS Policy. National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States: updated to 2020. 2015.
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Bing EG, Burnam MA, Longshore D, Fleishman JA, Sherbourne CD, London AS, et al. Psychiatric disorders and drug use among human immunodeficiency virus–infected adults in the United States. Arch Gen Psychiatr. 2001;58(8):721–8.PubMedCrossRef Bing EG, Burnam MA, Longshore D, Fleishman JA, Sherbourne CD, London AS, et al. Psychiatric disorders and drug use among human immunodeficiency virus–infected adults in the United States. Arch Gen Psychiatr. 2001;58(8):721–8.PubMedCrossRef
3.
Zurück zum Zitat Nanni MG, Caruso R, Mitchell AJ, Meggiolaro E, Grassi L. Depression in HIV infected patients: a review. Curr Psychiatr Rep. 2015;17(1):530.CrossRef Nanni MG, Caruso R, Mitchell AJ, Meggiolaro E, Grassi L. Depression in HIV infected patients: a review. Curr Psychiatr Rep. 2015;17(1):530.CrossRef
4.
Zurück zum Zitat Latkin CA, Mandell W. Depression as an antecedent of frequency of intravenous drug use in an urban, nontreatment sample. Int J Addict. 1993;28(14):1601–12.PubMedCrossRef Latkin CA, Mandell W. Depression as an antecedent of frequency of intravenous drug use in an urban, nontreatment sample. Int J Addict. 1993;28(14):1601–12.PubMedCrossRef
5.
Zurück zum Zitat Ammassari A, Antinori A, Aloisi MS, Trotta MP, Murri R, Bartoli L, et al. Depressive symptoms, neurocognitive impairment, and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected persons. Psychosomatics. 2004;45(5):394–402.PubMedCrossRef Ammassari A, Antinori A, Aloisi MS, Trotta MP, Murri R, Bartoli L, et al. Depressive symptoms, neurocognitive impairment, and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected persons. Psychosomatics. 2004;45(5):394–402.PubMedCrossRef
6.
Zurück zum Zitat Marks G, Bingman CR, Duval TS. Negative affect and unsafe sex in HIV-positive men. AIDS Behav. 1998;2(2):89–99.CrossRef Marks G, Bingman CR, Duval TS. Negative affect and unsafe sex in HIV-positive men. AIDS Behav. 1998;2(2):89–99.CrossRef
7.
Zurück zum Zitat Arseniou S, Arvaniti A, Samakouri M. HIV infection and depression. Psychiatr Clin Neurosci. 2014;68(2):96–109.CrossRef Arseniou S, Arvaniti A, Samakouri M. HIV infection and depression. Psychiatr Clin Neurosci. 2014;68(2):96–109.CrossRef
8.
Zurück zum Zitat Wilson TE, Weedon J, Cohen MH, Golub ET, Milam J, Young MA, et al. Positive affect and its association with viral control among women with HIV infection. Health Psychol. 2017;36(1):91.PubMedCrossRef Wilson TE, Weedon J, Cohen MH, Golub ET, Milam J, Young MA, et al. Positive affect and its association with viral control among women with HIV infection. Health Psychol. 2017;36(1):91.PubMedCrossRef
9.
10.
Zurück zum Zitat Folkman S, Moskowitz JT. Positive affect and the other side of coping. Am Psychol. 2000;55(6):647–54.PubMedCrossRef Folkman S, Moskowitz JT. Positive affect and the other side of coping. Am Psychol. 2000;55(6):647–54.PubMedCrossRef
11.
Zurück zum Zitat Folkman S, Chesney M, Collette L, Boccellari A, Cooke M. Postbereavement depressive mood and its prebereavement predictors in HIV + and HIV–gay men. J Person Soc Psychol. 1996;70(2):336.CrossRef Folkman S, Chesney M, Collette L, Boccellari A, Cooke M. Postbereavement depressive mood and its prebereavement predictors in HIV + and HIV–gay men. J Person Soc Psychol. 1996;70(2):336.CrossRef
12.
Zurück zum Zitat Cohn MA, Pietrucha ME, Saslow LR, Hult JR, Moskowitz JT. An online positive affect skills intervention reduces depression in adults with type 2 diabetes. J Posit Psychol. 2014;9(6):523–34.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Cohn MA, Pietrucha ME, Saslow LR, Hult JR, Moskowitz JT. An online positive affect skills intervention reduces depression in adults with type 2 diabetes. J Posit Psychol. 2014;9(6):523–34.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
13.
Zurück zum Zitat Huffman JC, DuBois CM, Millstein RA, Celano CM, Wexler D. Positive psychological interventions for patients with type 2 diabetes: rationale, theoretical model, and intervention development. J Diabetes Res. 2015;2015. Huffman JC, DuBois CM, Millstein RA, Celano CM, Wexler D. Positive psychological interventions for patients with type 2 diabetes: rationale, theoretical model, and intervention development. J Diabetes Res. 2015;2015.
14.
Zurück zum Zitat Huffman JC, Mastromauro CA, Boehm JK, Seabrook R, Fricchione GL, Denninger JW, et al. Development of a positive psychology intervention for patients with acute cardiovascular disease. Heart Int. 2011;6(2):hi2011.CrossRef Huffman JC, Mastromauro CA, Boehm JK, Seabrook R, Fricchione GL, Denninger JW, et al. Development of a positive psychology intervention for patients with acute cardiovascular disease. Heart Int. 2011;6(2):hi2011.CrossRef
15.
Zurück zum Zitat Peterson JC, Charlson ME, Hoffman Z, Wells MT, Wong SC, Hollenberg JP, et al. A randomized controlled trial of positive-affect induction to promote physical activity after percutaneous coronary intervention. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(4):329–36.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Peterson JC, Charlson ME, Hoffman Z, Wells MT, Wong SC, Hollenberg JP, et al. A randomized controlled trial of positive-affect induction to promote physical activity after percutaneous coronary intervention. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(4):329–36.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
16.
Zurück zum Zitat Boutin-Foster C, Offidani E, Kanna B, Ogedegbe GO, Ravenell J, Scott E, et al. Results from the trial using motivational interviewing, positive affect, and self-affirmation in african americans with hypertension (TRIUMPH). Ethn Dis. 2016;26(1):51–60.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Boutin-Foster C, Offidani E, Kanna B, Ogedegbe GO, Ravenell J, Scott E, et al. Results from the trial using motivational interviewing, positive affect, and self-affirmation in african americans with hypertension (TRIUMPH). Ethn Dis. 2016;26(1):51–60.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
17.
Zurück zum Zitat Ogedegbe GO, Boutin-Foster C, Wells MT, Allegrante JP, Isen AM, Jobe JB, et al. A randomized controlled trial of positive-affect intervention and medication adherence in hypertensive African Americans. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(4):322–6.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Ogedegbe GO, Boutin-Foster C, Wells MT, Allegrante JP, Isen AM, Jobe JB, et al. A randomized controlled trial of positive-affect intervention and medication adherence in hypertensive African Americans. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(4):322–6.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
18.
Zurück zum Zitat Seligman MEP, Steen TA, Park N, Peterson C. Positive psychology progress: empirical validation of interventions. Am Psychol. 2005;60(5):410.PubMedCrossRef Seligman MEP, Steen TA, Park N, Peterson C. Positive psychology progress: empirical validation of interventions. Am Psychol. 2005;60(5):410.PubMedCrossRef
19.
Zurück zum Zitat Moskowitz JT, Carrico AW, Duncan LG, Cohn MA, Cheung EO, Batchelder A, et al. Randomized controlled trial of a positive affect intervention for people newly diagnosed with HIV. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2017;85(5):409.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Moskowitz JT, Carrico AW, Duncan LG, Cohn MA, Cheung EO, Batchelder A, et al. Randomized controlled trial of a positive affect intervention for people newly diagnosed with HIV. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2017;85(5):409.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
20.
Zurück zum Zitat Bolier L, Haverman M, Westerhof GJ, Riper H, Smit F, Bohlmeijer E. Positive psychology interventions: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(1):119.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Bolier L, Haverman M, Westerhof GJ, Riper H, Smit F, Bohlmeijer E. Positive psychology interventions: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(1):119.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
21.
Zurück zum Zitat Sin NL, Lyubomirsky S. Enhancing well-being and alleviating depressive symptoms with positive psychology interventions: a practice-friendly meta-analysis. J Clin Psychol. 2009;65(5):467–87.PubMedCrossRef Sin NL, Lyubomirsky S. Enhancing well-being and alleviating depressive symptoms with positive psychology interventions: a practice-friendly meta-analysis. J Clin Psychol. 2009;65(5):467–87.PubMedCrossRef
22.
Zurück zum Zitat Moskowitz JT, Carrico AW, Cohn MA, Duncan LG, Bussolari C, Layous K, et al. Randomized controlled trial of a positive affect intervention to reduce stress in people newly diagnosed with HIV; protocol and design for the IRISS study. Open Access Journal of Clinical Trials. 2014. Moskowitz JT, Carrico AW, Cohn MA, Duncan LG, Bussolari C, Layous K, et al. Randomized controlled trial of a positive affect intervention to reduce stress in people newly diagnosed with HIV; protocol and design for the IRISS study. Open Access Journal of Clinical Trials. 2014.
23.
Zurück zum Zitat Dowling GA, Merrilees J, Mastick J, Chang VY, Hubbard E, Moskowitz JT. Life enhancing activities for family caregivers of people with frontotemporal Dementia. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2014;28(2):175–81.PubMedCrossRef Dowling GA, Merrilees J, Mastick J, Chang VY, Hubbard E, Moskowitz JT. Life enhancing activities for family caregivers of people with frontotemporal Dementia. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2014;28(2):175–81.PubMedCrossRef
24.
Zurück zum Zitat Cheung EO, Cohn MA, Dunn L, Melisko M, Morgan S, Penedo FJ, et al. A randomized pilot trial of a positive affect skill intervention (lessons in linking affect and coping) for women with metastatic breast cancer. Psycho-Oncology. 2017;26(12):2101–8.PubMedCrossRef Cheung EO, Cohn MA, Dunn L, Melisko M, Morgan S, Penedo FJ, et al. A randomized pilot trial of a positive affect skill intervention (lessons in linking affect and coping) for women with metastatic breast cancer. Psycho-Oncology. 2017;26(12):2101–8.PubMedCrossRef
25.
Zurück zum Zitat DuBois CM, Beach SR, Kashdan TB, Nyer MB, Park ER, Celano CM, et al. Positive psychological attributes and cardiac outcomes: associations, mechanisms, and interventions. Psychsomatics. 2012;53:15. DuBois CM, Beach SR, Kashdan TB, Nyer MB, Park ER, Celano CM, et al. Positive psychological attributes and cardiac outcomes: associations, mechanisms, and interventions. Psychsomatics. 2012;53:15.
26.
Zurück zum Zitat Bowen A, Williams M, Daniel C, Clayton S. Internet based HIV prevention research targeting rural MSM: feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy. J Behav Med. 2008;31(6):463–77.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Bowen A, Williams M, Daniel C, Clayton S. Internet based HIV prevention research targeting rural MSM: feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy. J Behav Med. 2008;31(6):463–77.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
27.
Zurück zum Zitat Salyers Bull S, Lloyd L, Rietmeijer C, McFarlane M. Recruitment and retention of an online sample for an HIV prevention intervention targeting men who have sex with men: the Smart Sex Quest Project. AIDS Care. 2004;16(8):931–43.PubMedCrossRef Salyers Bull S, Lloyd L, Rietmeijer C, McFarlane M. Recruitment and retention of an online sample for an HIV prevention intervention targeting men who have sex with men: the Smart Sex Quest Project. AIDS Care. 2004;16(8):931–43.PubMedCrossRef
28.
Zurück zum Zitat Bull S, Vallejos D, Levine D, Ortiz C. Improving recruitment and retention for an online randomized controlled trial: experience from the Youthnet study. AIDS Care. 2008;20(8):887–93.PubMedCrossRef Bull S, Vallejos D, Levine D, Ortiz C. Improving recruitment and retention for an online randomized controlled trial: experience from the Youthnet study. AIDS Care. 2008;20(8):887–93.PubMedCrossRef
29.
Zurück zum Zitat Clarke G, Kelleher C, Hornbrook M, DeBar L, Dickerson J, Gullion C. Randomized effectiveness trial of an Internet, pure self-help, cognitive behavioral intervention for depressive symptoms in young adults. Cogn Behav Ther. 2009;38(4):222–34.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Clarke G, Kelleher C, Hornbrook M, DeBar L, Dickerson J, Gullion C. Randomized effectiveness trial of an Internet, pure self-help, cognitive behavioral intervention for depressive symptoms in young adults. Cogn Behav Ther. 2009;38(4):222–34.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
30.
Zurück zum Zitat Christensen H, Griffiths KM, Farrer L. Adherence in internet interventions for anxiety and depression: systematic review. J Med Internet Res. 2009;11(2):e13.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Christensen H, Griffiths KM, Farrer L. Adherence in internet interventions for anxiety and depression: systematic review. J Med Internet Res. 2009;11(2):e13.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
31.
Zurück zum Zitat Andersson G. Internet–based cognitive–behavioral self help for depression. Expert Rev Neurother. 2006;6(11):1637–42.PubMedCrossRef Andersson G. Internet–based cognitive–behavioral self help for depression. Expert Rev Neurother. 2006;6(11):1637–42.PubMedCrossRef
32.
Zurück zum Zitat Andersson G, Bergström J, Holländare F, Carlbring PER, Kaldo V, Ekselius L. Internet-based self-help for depression: randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatr. 2005;187(5):456–61.CrossRef Andersson G, Bergström J, Holländare F, Carlbring PER, Kaldo V, Ekselius L. Internet-based self-help for depression: randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatr. 2005;187(5):456–61.CrossRef
33.
Zurück zum Zitat Radloff LS. The CES-D scale a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Appl Psychol Meas. 1977;1(3):385–401.CrossRef Radloff LS. The CES-D scale a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Appl Psychol Meas. 1977;1(3):385–401.CrossRef
34.
Zurück zum Zitat Cheung EO, Addington EL, Bassett SM, Schuette SA, Shiu EW, Cohn MA, et al. A self-paced, web-based, positive emotion skills intervention for reducing symptoms of depression: protocol for development and pilot testing of MARIGOLD. JMIR Res Protoc. 2018;7(6). Cheung EO, Addington EL, Bassett SM, Schuette SA, Shiu EW, Cohn MA, et al. A self-paced, web-based, positive emotion skills intervention for reducing symptoms of depression: protocol for development and pilot testing of MARIGOLD. JMIR Res Protoc. 2018;7(6).
35.
Zurück zum Zitat Moskowitz JT, Hult JR, Duncan LG, Cohn MA, Maurer S, Bussolari C, et al. A positive affect intervention for people experiencing health-related stress: development and non-randomized pilot test. J Health Psychol. 2012;17(5):676–92.PubMedCrossRef Moskowitz JT, Hult JR, Duncan LG, Cohn MA, Maurer S, Bussolari C, et al. A positive affect intervention for people experiencing health-related stress: development and non-randomized pilot test. J Health Psychol. 2012;17(5):676–92.PubMedCrossRef
36.
Zurück zum Zitat Murrell SA, Norris FH. Resources, life events, and changes in positive affect and depression in older adults. Am J Community Psychol. 1984;12(4):445–64.PubMedCrossRef Murrell SA, Norris FH. Resources, life events, and changes in positive affect and depression in older adults. Am J Community Psychol. 1984;12(4):445–64.PubMedCrossRef
37.
Zurück zum Zitat Zautra AJ, Reich JW. Life events and perceptions of life quality: developments in a two? factor approach. J Community Psychol. 1983;11(2):121–32.CrossRef Zautra AJ, Reich JW. Life events and perceptions of life quality: developments in a two? factor approach. J Community Psychol. 1983;11(2):121–32.CrossRef
38.
Zurück zum Zitat Folkman S. Positive psychological states and coping with severe stress. Soc Sci Med. 1997;45(8):1207–21.PubMedCrossRef Folkman S. Positive psychological states and coping with severe stress. Soc Sci Med. 1997;45(8):1207–21.PubMedCrossRef
39.
Zurück zum Zitat Krause N. Positive life events and depressive symptoms in older adults. Behav Med. 1988;14(3):101–12.PubMedCrossRef Krause N. Positive life events and depressive symptoms in older adults. Behav Med. 1988;14(3):101–12.PubMedCrossRef
40.
Zurück zum Zitat Lewinsohn PM, Clarke GN, Hoberman HM. The coping with depression course: review and future directions. Can J Behav Sci. 1989;21(4):470.CrossRef Lewinsohn PM, Clarke GN, Hoberman HM. The coping with depression course: review and future directions. Can J Behav Sci. 1989;21(4):470.CrossRef
41.
Zurück zum Zitat Langston CA. Capitalizing on and coping with daily-life events: expressive responses to positive events. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1994;67(6):1112.CrossRef Langston CA. Capitalizing on and coping with daily-life events: expressive responses to positive events. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1994;67(6):1112.CrossRef
42.
Zurück zum Zitat Emmons RA. Thanks!: How the new science of gratitude can make you happier: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt; 2007. Emmons RA. Thanks!: How the new science of gratitude can make you happier: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt; 2007.
43.
Zurück zum Zitat Emmons RA, McCullough ME. Counting blessings versus burdens: an experimental investigation of gratitude and subjective well-being in daily life. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003;84(2):377.PubMedCrossRef Emmons RA, McCullough ME. Counting blessings versus burdens: an experimental investigation of gratitude and subjective well-being in daily life. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003;84(2):377.PubMedCrossRef
44.
Zurück zum Zitat Kashdan TB, Uswatte G, Julian T. Gratitude and hedonic and eudaimonic well-being in Vietnam war veterans. Behav Res Ther. 2006;44(2):177–99.PubMedCrossRef Kashdan TB, Uswatte G, Julian T. Gratitude and hedonic and eudaimonic well-being in Vietnam war veterans. Behav Res Ther. 2006;44(2):177–99.PubMedCrossRef
45.
Zurück zum Zitat Kabat-Zinn J. Mindfulness-based interventions in context: past, present, and future. Clin Psychol. 2003;10(2):144–56. Kabat-Zinn J. Mindfulness-based interventions in context: past, present, and future. Clin Psychol. 2003;10(2):144–56.
46.
Zurück zum Zitat Brown KW, Ryan RM. The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003;84(4):822.PubMedCrossRef Brown KW, Ryan RM. The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003;84(4):822.PubMedCrossRef
47.
Zurück zum Zitat Lazarus RS, Folkman S. Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer; 1984. Lazarus RS, Folkman S. Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer; 1984.
48.
Zurück zum Zitat Sears SR, Stanton AL, Danoff-Burg S. The yellow brick road and the emerald city: benefit finding, positive reappraisal coping and posttraumatic growth in women with early-stage breast cancer. Health Psychol. 2003;22(5):487.PubMedCrossRef Sears SR, Stanton AL, Danoff-Burg S. The yellow brick road and the emerald city: benefit finding, positive reappraisal coping and posttraumatic growth in women with early-stage breast cancer. Health Psychol. 2003;22(5):487.PubMedCrossRef
49.
Zurück zum Zitat Carver CS, Scheier MF. Origins and functions of positive and negative affect: a control-process view. Psychol Rev. 1990;97(1):19.CrossRef Carver CS, Scheier MF. Origins and functions of positive and negative affect: a control-process view. Psychol Rev. 1990;97(1):19.CrossRef
50.
Zurück zum Zitat Lent RW, Singley D, Sheu HB, Gainor KA, Brenner BR, Treistman D, et al. Social cognitive predictors of domain and life satisfaction: exploring the theoretical precursors of subjective well-being. J Couns Psychol. 2005;52(3):429.CrossRef Lent RW, Singley D, Sheu HB, Gainor KA, Brenner BR, Treistman D, et al. Social cognitive predictors of domain and life satisfaction: exploring the theoretical precursors of subjective well-being. J Couns Psychol. 2005;52(3):429.CrossRef
51.
Zurück zum Zitat Emmons RA. Abstract versus concrete goals: personal striving level, physical illness, and psychological well-being. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1992;62(2):292.PubMedCrossRef Emmons RA. Abstract versus concrete goals: personal striving level, physical illness, and psychological well-being. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1992;62(2):292.PubMedCrossRef
52.
Zurück zum Zitat Musick MA, Wilson J. Volunteering and depression: the role of psychological and social resources in different age groups. Soc Sci Med. 2003;56(2):259–69.PubMedCrossRef Musick MA, Wilson J. Volunteering and depression: the role of psychological and social resources in different age groups. Soc Sci Med. 2003;56(2):259–69.PubMedCrossRef
53.
Zurück zum Zitat Oman D, Thoresen CE, McMahon K. Volunteerism and mortality among the community-dwelling elderly. J Health Psychol. 1999;4(3):301–16.PubMedCrossRef Oman D, Thoresen CE, McMahon K. Volunteerism and mortality among the community-dwelling elderly. J Health Psychol. 1999;4(3):301–16.PubMedCrossRef
54.
Zurück zum Zitat Moen P, Dempster-McCain D, Williams RM. Successful aging: a life-course perspective on women’s multiple roles and health. Am J Sociol. 1992;97(6):1612–38.CrossRef Moen P, Dempster-McCain D, Williams RM. Successful aging: a life-course perspective on women’s multiple roles and health. Am J Sociol. 1992;97(6):1612–38.CrossRef
55.
Zurück zum Zitat Fredrickson BL, Tugade MM, Waugh CE, Larkin GR. What good are positive emotions in crisis? A prospective study of resilience and emotions following the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11th, 2001. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003;84(2):365.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Fredrickson BL, Tugade MM, Waugh CE, Larkin GR. What good are positive emotions in crisis? A prospective study of resilience and emotions following the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11th, 2001. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003;84(2):365.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
56.
Zurück zum Zitat Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R. A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Soc Behav. 1983;24(4):385–96.PubMedCrossRef Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R. A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Soc Behav. 1983;24(4):385–96.PubMedCrossRef
57.
Zurück zum Zitat Steptoe A, Wardle J. Positive affect measured using ecological momentary assessment and survival in older men and women. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2011;108(45):18244–8.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral Steptoe A, Wardle J. Positive affect measured using ecological momentary assessment and survival in older men and women. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2011;108(45):18244–8.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral
58.
Zurück zum Zitat Singer JD, Willett JB. Applied longitudinal data analysis: modeling change and event occurrence. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2003.CrossRef Singer JD, Willett JB. Applied longitudinal data analysis: modeling change and event occurrence. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2003.CrossRef
59.
Zurück zum Zitat West SG, Ryu E, Kwok OM, Cham H. Multilevel modeling: current and future applications in personality research. J Pers. 2011;79(1):2–50.PubMedCrossRef West SG, Ryu E, Kwok OM, Cham H. Multilevel modeling: current and future applications in personality research. J Pers. 2011;79(1):2–50.PubMedCrossRef
60.
Zurück zum Zitat Borenstein M, Hedges LV, Higgins J, Rothstein HR. References. Chichester: Wiley; 2009. Borenstein M, Hedges LV, Higgins J, Rothstein HR. References. Chichester: Wiley; 2009.
61.
Zurück zum Zitat Lyubomirsky S, Sheldon KM, Schkade D. Pursuing happiness: the architecture of sustainable change. Rev Gen Psychol. 2005;9(2):111.CrossRef Lyubomirsky S, Sheldon KM, Schkade D. Pursuing happiness: the architecture of sustainable change. Rev Gen Psychol. 2005;9(2):111.CrossRef
62.
Zurück zum Zitat Moskowitz JT, Cheung EO, Snowberg K, Verstaen A, Merrilees J, Salsman JM, et al. Randomized controlled trial of a facilitated online positive emotion regulation intervention for dementia caregivers. Health Psychol. (in press) . Moskowitz JT, Cheung EO, Snowberg K, Verstaen A, Merrilees J, Salsman JM, et al. Randomized controlled trial of a facilitated online positive emotion regulation intervention for dementia caregivers. Health Psychol. (in press) .
63.
Zurück zum Zitat Maas CJ, Hox JJ. Sufficient sample sizes for multilevel modeling. Methodology. 2005;1(3):86–92.CrossRef Maas CJ, Hox JJ. Sufficient sample sizes for multilevel modeling. Methodology. 2005;1(3):86–92.CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Feasibility and Acceptability of an Online Positive Affect Intervention for Those Living with Comorbid HIV Depression
verfasst von
S. M. Bassett
M. Cohn
P. Cotten
I. Kwok
J. T. Moskowitz
Publikationsdatum
30.01.2019
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
AIDS and Behavior / Ausgabe 3/2019
Print ISSN: 1090-7165
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-3254
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02412-z

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2019

AIDS and Behavior 3/2019 Zur Ausgabe

Leitlinien kompakt für die Innere Medizin

Mit medbee Pocketcards sicher entscheiden.

Seit 2022 gehört die medbee GmbH zum Springer Medizin Verlag

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Post-Covid-Inzidenz unter Omikron gesunken

25.07.2024 Post-COVID Nachrichten

Die Omikron-Variante von SARS-CoV-2 führt nicht nur zu milderen Verläufen, sondern auch um ein Viertel seltener zu Post-Covid als die vorhergehenden Virusvarianten. Eine Analyse bei US-Veteranen deutet zudem auf eine halbierte Inzidenz unter Geimpften.

Berechnung der eGFR und die individuelle Körperoberfläche

25.07.2024 Chronische Nierenerkrankung Nachrichten

Ähnlich wie der BMI wird die durchschnittliche Körperoberfläche (KOF) bei Menschen tendenziell größer. Ob es daher sinnvoll ist, bei chronischer Niereninsuffizienz KOF-bezogene Schätzungen der Nierenleistung individuell anzupassen, haben australische Forscher untersucht.

Cranberry-Saft wirksam bei rezidivierenden Harnwegsinfekten

Zum Einsatz von Produkten, die Cranberry enthalten, um wiederkehrende Harnwegsinfektionen zu verhindern, gab es in der Vergangenheit widersprüchliche Aussagen. Die Daten eines aktuellen systematischen Reviews mit Netzwerk-Metaanalyse legen nun den Nutzen von Cranberry-Saft nahe.

Spontanpneumothorax – aspirieren oder drainieren?

24.07.2024 Spontanpneumothorax Nachrichten

Sofern bei Spontanpneumothorax interventionelle Hilfe benötigt wird, stehen mehrere Verfahren zur Auswahl, wie die Anlage einer Thoraxdrainage und die Aspiration. Welches ist am besten geeignet? Eine Metaanalyse liefert neue Daten dazu.

Update Innere Medizin

Bestellen Sie unseren Fach-Newsletter und bleiben Sie gut informiert.