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01.12.2017 | Study protocol | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Trials 1/2017

Feasibility and acceptability of group music therapy vs wait-list control for treatment of patients with long-term depression (the SYNCHRONY trial): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Zeitschrift:
Trials > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Catherine Elizabeth Carr, Julian O’Kelly, Stephen Sandford, Stefan Priebe
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​s13063-017-1893-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Depression is of significant global concern. Despite a range of effective treatment options it is estimated that around one in five diagnosed with an acute depressive episode continue to experience enduring symptoms for more than 2 years. There is evidence for effectiveness of individual music therapy for depression. However, no studies have as yet looked at a group intervention within an NHS context. This study aims to assess the feasibility of conducting a randomised controlled trial of group music therapy for patients with long-term depression (symptom durations of 1 year or longer) within the community.

Methods

This is a single-centre randomised controlled feasibility trial of group music therapy versus wait-list control with a nested process evaluation. Thirty participants will be randomised with unbalanced allocation (20 to receive the intervention immediately, 10 as wait-list controls). Group music therapy will be offered three times per week in a community centre with a focus on songwriting. Data will be collected post-intervention, 3 and 6 months after the intervention finishes. We will examine the feasibility of recruitment processes including identifying the number of eligible participants, participation and retention rates and the intervention in terms of testing components, measuring adherence and estimation of the likely intervention effect. A nested process evaluation will consist of treatment fidelity analysis, exploratory analysis of process measures and end-of-participation interviews with participants and referring staff.

Discussion

Whilst group music therapy is an option in some community mental health settings, this will be the first study to examine group music therapy for this particular patient group. We will assess symptoms of depression, acceptability of the intervention and quality of life. We anticipate potential challenges in the recruitment and retention of participants. It is unclear whether offering the intervention three times per week will be acceptable to participants, particularly given participants’ enduring symptoms and impact upon motivation. This study will provide data to inform both development of the intervention and to assess and inform the design of a full trial.

Trial registration

ISRCTN.com, ISRCTN18164037. Registered on 26 September 2016.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR checklist). (PDF 390 kb)
13063_2017_1893_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
Additional file 2: Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) checklist. (PDF 130 kb)
13063_2017_1893_MOESM2_ESM.pdf
Literatur
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