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17.09.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2017

Journal of Robotic Surgery 2/2017

Feasibility and safety study for the use of wound protectors during robotic radical cystectomy and ileal conduit

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Robotic Surgery > Ausgabe 2/2017
Autoren:
Danny Huynh, Alex Henderson, Tyler Haden, Alexander Jones, Naveen Pokala

Abstract

Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy (RALRC) is increasingly being performed for the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer. There is increased tension while performing the ureteroileal anastomosis through a small incision. Patients are at risk to suffer wound and skin complications perioperatively due to possible contamination with bowel contents. The Alexis® retractor helps with retraction of small incisions potentially reducing tension and also reduces wound infection rates as reported in the colorectal literature. This pilot study evaluates the use of the Alexis® wound protector (WP) in RALRC with ileal conduit (IC). The WP was used in 15 consecutive patients at a single institution who all underwent RALRC with IC. All patients had preoperative bowel preparations, antibiotics, and had surgical preparation with chlorhexidine with alcohol in the standard fashion. The Alexis® device was placed following RALRC to protect the skin and fascia during ileal conduit formation. The ileal conduit was then created extracorporeally through the WP in the standard fashion. RALRC with IC was successfully completed in all 15 patients. Patients had no wound complications defined as documentation of cellulitis or hernia on progress or follow-up notes. Using our technique with the WP we had no cases of surgical site infection. Wound barrier protection has been recommended for use in colorectal surgery and we believe that these recommendations translate to RALRC with IC due to the use of bowel to form the urinary diversion. Further studies with the use of WP in this procedure are necessary to validate our findings.

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