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05.09.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2020

Gastric Cancer 2/2020

Feasibility of further expansion of the indications for endoscopic submucosal dissection in undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer

Zeitschrift:
Gastric Cancer > Ausgabe 2/2020
Autoren:
Yusuke Horiuchi, Satoshi Ida, Noriko Yamamoto, Souya Nunobe, Naoki Ishizuka, Shoichi Yoshimizu, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Tomohiro Tsuchida, Koshi Kumagai, Manabu Ohashi, Takeshi Sano, Junko Fujisaki
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Abstract

Background

Based on Japanese guidelines for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (UD-EGC), UD-predominant mixed-type (M-UD) EGC is considered high risk for lymph node metastasis (LNM). However, differences in LNM risk between pure UD (P-UD) and M-UD remain unclear. This study assessed risk factors for LNM considering differences between P-UD and M-UD and identified pathological features related to the lowest LNM risk.

Methods

This single-center, retrospective study included 1425 patients with UD-EGC treated with surgical resection between April 2005 and May 2017. We divided patients into those with and without LNM and compared background characteristics and post-operative pathological results between groups. Patients were further stratified based on depth, tumor diameter, ulcerative findings, lymphatic invasion, vascular invasion, and histological type to clarify post-operative pathological features associated with the lowest LNM risk.

Results

When comparing background characteristics and post-operative pathological results, multivariate analysis showed that, in patients with LNM, tumor diameters were significantly larger, and there were higher rates of submucosal invasion, lymphatic invasion, and M-UD histological type. In patients with absence of ulcerative findings, absence of lymphatic invasion, and absence of vascular invasion, no LNM occurred among those with intramucosal P-UD tumor diameters of 1–40 mm (1–20 mm: 95% confidence interval [CI], 0–5.5%; 21–40 mm: 95% CI, 0–6.1%).

Conclusions

Intramucosal P-UD EGC patients with absence of ulcerative findings, absence of lymphatic invasion, absence of vascular invasion, and tumor diameters of ≤ 40 mm did not show LNM. We suggest expanding indications for ESD to include these patients.

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