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20.05.2019 | Original Scientific Article | Ausgabe 1/2020

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 1/2020

Feeding practices and early childhood caries among preschool children of Bhubaneswar, India

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry > Ausgabe 1/2020
Autoren:
R. Nagarajappa, D. Satyarup, D. Naik, R. P. Dalai
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Abstract

Purpose

To assess the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) in preschool children of Bhubaneswar city and to determine its relationship with feeding practices and socio-economic status of the family.

Methods

A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 320 preschool children aged 3 to 6 years from randomly selected preschools of Bhubaneswar. A structured questionnaire was filled by parents for each child. Clinical examination included the recording of dental caries (dmft) using WHO criteria. Chi-square test and ANOVA with post hoc Bonferroni were used for statistical analysis.

Results

Mean age of the study population was 4.26 ± 1.035 years. Prevalence of ECC was 37.2%, and the mean dmft was 2.40 ± 1.86. Children whose mother had no schooling (61.1%) and belonged to middle class (38.2%) showed higher caries prevalence which was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Children who were bottle fed at night and consumed in between meal snacks had higher caries (53.6% and 43.1%, respectively) which was significant.

Conclusions

ECC is a serious public health problem in this population that requires considerable efforts of early detection and treatment along with successful preventive strategies to decrease the same.

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