Although guideline recommendations have shifted towards a transradial route, femoral puncture is still an established vascular access, especially for complex coronary interventions. The FemoSeal™ vascular closure device (FVCD) helps to reduce femoral compression time and access site complications after removal of the catheter sheath. To ensure safe use, an angiography of the femoral artery prior to FVCD deployment is recommended by the manufacturer. We postulate that omitting this angiography does not relevantly increase the risk for vascular complications.
In this retrospective analysis of an all-comers population (n = 1923) including patients receiving a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), we could show that combined vascular complication rates without femoral angiography were low (primary endpoint 4.6%) and comparable to a randomized clinical trial that did perform angiography of the vascular access site in a cohort of patients receiving diagnostic coronary angiography only. In addition to this analysis, we could demonstrate that patients with an acute coronary syndrome, receiving periprocedural anticoagulation or anti-platelet therapy had an increased risk for the formation of arterial pseudoaneurysms; however, we did not observe any ischemic vascular event after FVCD deployment.
Closure of the femoral access site after coronary angiography using the FVCD can be safely performed without femoral angiography; however, due to an increased risk for the formation of pseudoaneurysms we recommend the transradial access in situations with increased bleeding risk.
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Holm NR, Sindberg B, Schou M, Maeng M, Kaltoft A, Bottcher M, et al. Randomised comparison of manual compression and FemoSeal vascular closure device for closure after femoral artery access coronary angiography: the CLOSure dEvices Used in everyday Practice (CLOSE-UP) study. EuroIntervention. 2014;10(2):183–90. CrossRefPubMed
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Femoral access site closure without prior femoral angiography
A retrospective analysis
MD Christoph Brenner
MD Alexandra Gratl
MD Josef Klocker
MD Rudolf Kirchmair
MD Peter Marschang
MD Guy Friedrich
MD Bernhard Metzler
MD Nicolas Moes
- Springer Vienna
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