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01.12.2013 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2013 Open Access

BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 1/2013

Fetal head circumference, operative delivery, and fetal outcomes: a multi-ethnic population-based cohort study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth > Ausgabe 1/2013
Autoren:
Andrew Mujugira, Alfred Osoti, Ruth Deya, Stephen E Hawes, Amanda I Phipps
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

SH, RD, AO and AM designed the study. AM and AIP wrote the first draft. AO, RD and AM performed the statistical analyses. All authors contributed to the interpretation of the results and the writing of the manuscript, and all approved the final draft.

Abstract

Background

Operative delivery procedures, such as primary cesarean section, vacuum-assisted, and forceps-assisted vaginal delivery increase maternal and fetal morbidity, and the cost of care. We evaluated whether large fetal head circumference (FHC) independently increases risk of such interventions, as well as fetal distress or low Apgar score, in anatomically normal infants.

Methods

We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using Washington State birth certificate data. We included singleton, term infants born to nulliparous mothers from 2003–2009. We compared mode of delivery and fetal outcomes in 10,750 large-FHC (37-41 cm) infants relative to 10,750 average-FHC (34 cm) infants, frequency matched by birth-year.

Results

Large-FHC infants were nearly twice as likely to be delivered by primary cesarean section as average-FHC infants (unadjusted relative risk [RR] 1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.77, 1.92). The RR for primary cesarean section associated with large-FHC was largest for mothers aged 19 years or less (RR 2.28; 95% CI: 1.99, 2.61), and smallest for mothers aged 35 years or greater (RR 1.51; 95% CI: 1.37, 1.66) [test of homogeneity, p < 0.001]. Large-FHC infants were at increased risk of vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery (RR 1.55; 95% CI: 1.43, 1.69), and forceps-assisted vaginal delivery (RR 1.61; 95% CI: 1.32, 1.97). There was no difference in risk of fetal distress (RR 0.97; 95% CI: 0.89, 1.07) for large-FHC versus average-FHC infants. Risk estimates were unaffected by adjustment for potential confounders.

Conclusions

Nulliparous mothers of large-FHC infants are at increased risk of primary cesarean section, vacuum-assisted and forceps-assisted vaginal delivery relative to mothers of average-FHC infants. Maternal age modifies the association between FHC and primary cesarean section.
Literatur
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