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01.03.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 7/2018 Open Access

European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 7/2018

First validation of myocardial flow reserve assessed by dynamic 99mTc-sestamibi CZT-SPECT camera: head to head comparison with 15O-water PET and fractional flow reserve in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. The WATERDAY study

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging > Ausgabe 7/2018
Autoren:
Denis Agostini, Vincent Roule, Catherine Nganoa, Nathaniel Roth, Raphael Baavour, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Farzin Beygui, Alain Manrique
Wichtige Hinweise
Denis Agostini and Vincent Roule share first authorship.
Farzin Beygui and Alain Manrique share last authorship.

Abstract

Purpose

We assessed the feasibility of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and flow reserve (MFR) estimation using dynamic SPECT with a novel CZT camera in patients with stable CAD, in comparison with 15O–water PET and fractional flow reserve (FFR).

Methods

Thirty patients were prospectively included and underwent FFR measurements in the main coronary arteries (LAD, LCx, RCA). A stenosis ≥50% was considered obstructive and a FFR abnormal if ≤0.8. All patients underwent a dynamic rest/stress 99mTc-sestamibi CZT-SPECT and 15O–water PET for MBF and MFR calculation. Net retention kinetic modeling was applied to SPECT data to estimate global uptake values, and MBF was derived using Leppo correction. Ischemia by PET and CZT-SPECT was considered present if MFR was lower than 2 and 2.1, respectively.

Results

CZT-SPECT yielded higher stress and rest MBF compared to PET for global and LAD and LCx territories, but not in RCA territory. MFR was similar in global and each vessel territory for both modalities. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive value of CZT-SPECT were, respectively, 83.3, 95.8, 93.3, 100 and 85.7% for the detection of ischemia and 58.3, 84.6, 81.1, 36.8 and 93% for the detection of hemodynamically significant stenosis (FFR ≤ 0.8).

Conclusions

Dynamic 99mTc-sestamibi CZT-SPECT was technically feasible and provided similar MFR compared to 15O–water PET and high diagnostic value for detecting impaired MFR and abnormal FFR in patients with stable CAD.

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