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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Urology 1/2015

Five-point Likert scaling on MRI predicts clinically significant prostate carcinoma

Zeitschrift:
BMC Urology > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Taisuke Harada, Takashige Abe, Fumi Kato, Ryuji Matsumoto, Hiromi Fujita, Sachiyo Murai, Naoto Miyajima, Kunihiko Tsuchiya, Satoru Maruyama, Kohsuke Kudo, Nobuo Shinohara
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

TH and TA drafted the manuscript. FK and TH reviewed the MRI findings. RM and HF collected the pathological data. SM, KT, and NM performed volume analysis. TA and SM carried out statistical analysis. NS and KK revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Background

To clarify the relationship between the probability of prostate cancer scaled using a 5-point Likert system and the biological characteristics of corresponding tumor foci.

Methods

The present study involved 44 patients undergoing 3.0-Tesla multiparametric MRI before laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Tracing based on pathological and MRI findings was performed. The relationship between the probability of cancer scaled using the 5-point Likert system and the biological characteristics of corresponding tumor foci was evaluated.

Results

A total of 102 tumor foci were identified histologically from the 44 specimens. Of the 102 tumors, 55 were assigned a score based on MRI findings (score 1: n = 3; score 2: n = 3; score 3: n = 16; score 4: n = 11 score 5: n = 22), while 47 were not pointed out on MRI. The tracing study revealed that the proportion of >0.5 cm3 tumors increased according to the upgrade of Likert scores (score 1 or 2: 33 %; score 3: 68.8 %; score 4 or 5: 90.9 %, χ2 test, p < 0.0001). The proportion with a Gleason score >7 also increased from scale 2 to scale 5 (scale 2: 0 %; scale 3: 56.3 %; scale 4: 72.7 %; 5: 90.9 %, χ2 test, p = 0.0001). On using score 3 or higher as the threshold of cancer detection on MRI, the detection rate markedly improved if the tumor volume exceeded 0.5 cm3 (<0.2 cm3: 10.3 %; 0.2-0.5 cm3: 25 %; 0.5-1.0 cm3: 66.7 %; 1.0 < cm3: 92.1 %).

Conclusions

Each Likert scale favobably reflected the corresponding tumor’s volume and Gleason score. Our observations show that “score 3 or higher” could be a useful threshold to predict clinically significant carcinoma when considering treatment options.
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