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01.11.2010 | Original Research Article | Ausgabe 11/2010

Clinical Pharmacokinetics 11/2010

Fluoxetine Disposition in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Treated with Interferon-α

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Pharmacokinetics > Ausgabe 11/2010
Autoren:
Professor Mario Furlanut, Giorgio Soardo, Debora Donnini, Leonardo Sechi, Loretta Franceschi

Abstract

Background and Objectives

Combination therapy with interferon-α and ribavirin is considered the treatment of choice for chronic hepatitis C. However, interferon-α may induce severe depression. It has been suggested that interferon-α is able to modify cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 and 2D6 activity. We therefore decided to study the effects of the interferon-α-2b pegylated derivative on fluoxetine disposition in patients receiving combination chemotherapy for chronic hepatitis C.

Methods

After approval by the institutional ethics committee, 20 adult patients with chronic hepatitis C, but with no history of other liver diseases, were prospectively admitted to the study, which included phenotyping by means of a dextromethorphan test and evaluation of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine pharmacokinetic parameters (the area under the serum concentration-time curve, maximum serum concentration, time to reach the maximum serum concentration and terminal elimination half-life) before and after 2 months of continuous peginterferon-α-2b therapy.

Results

The only statistically significant difference we observed was a significant reduction in the terminal elimination half-life of fluoxetine (from 47.30 to 33.23 hours; p =0.014) after peginterferon-α-2b treatment.

Conclusion

These data suggest that interferon-α may induce, rather than inhibit, the biotransformation of fluoxetine.

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