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01.05.2011 | General Gynecology | Ausgabe 5/2011

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 5/2011

Follow-up of dysfunctional bladder and rectum after surgery of a deep infiltrating rectovaginal endometriosis

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics > Ausgabe 5/2011
A. Kavallaris, I. Mebes, D. Evagyelinos, A. Dafopoulos, D. A. Beyer



The radical surgery of the deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectovaginal septum and the uterosacral ligaments with or without bowel resection can cause a serious damage of the pelvic autonomic nerves with urinary retention and the need of self-catheterization. Major goal of this review article is to compare different surgical techniques of deep infiltrating endometriosis and their follow-up results.


The research strategy included the online search of databases [MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS] for the diagnosis of deep infiltrating endometriosis with the indication of an operative resection. The outcome of the follow-up terms were noticed and compared.


All in all, 16 trials could be identified with included follow-up. In all patients at least single-sided resection of the uterosacral ligaments were performed. Follow-up was heterogeneous in all trials ranging from 1 to 92 months. Postoperative symptoms, such as dysmenorrhoea, pelvic pain, and dyspareunia were commonly described in the majority of trials. Nevertheless, a tendency towards lower comorbidity after nerve sparing resection of endometriosis could be observed.


Identification of the inferior hypogastric nerve and plexus was feasible in the minority of trials. In comparison with non-nerve-sparing surgical technique, no cases of bladder self-catheterization for a long or even life time was observed, confirming the importance of the nerve-sparing surgical procedure.

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