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16.09.2015 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 5/2016

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 5/2016

Food Insecurity Increases the Odds of Obesity Among Young Hispanic Children

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health > Ausgabe 5/2016
Mia A. Papas, Jillian C. Trabulsi, Alicia Dahl, Gregory Dominick


Obesity is a growing public health concern and is more prevalent among low-income and minority populations. Food insecurity may increase the odds of obesity in children. We investigated the association between food insecurity and obesity among low-income, Hispanic, mother–child dyads (n = 74). The United States Department of Agriculture 18-item Household Food Security Survey was used to determine food security status. The majority of households were food insecure (74 %) and one-third (30 %) of children were obese. Food insecurity increased the odds of childhood obesity (OR 10.2; 95 % CI 1.2, 85.5) with stronger associations found within households where mothers were also overweight/obese compared to normal weight (p-for interaction < 0.05). Rates of household food insecurity and childhood obesity were high among this low-income Hispanic sample. Future studies should elucidate the mechanisms through which food insecurity impacts childhood obesity.

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