15.06.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 7/2016
Frequency of Mammary Artery Coiling in Single-Ventricle Patients and Future Coronary Artery Grafting
- Khaled Abdelhady, Anas Taqatqa, Carlos Miranda, Sawsan Awad
Pre-Fontan coil closure of aorto-pulmonary collaterals decreases single-ventricle volume load and improves outcome. Coiling of right and left internal mammary arteries may present a challenge to cardiothoracic surgery teams caring for these patients when future coronary artery bypass grafting is needed for SV patients. The goal of this study was to determine the frequency of internal mammary artery coil closure in SV patients in a single tertiary care center. A retrospective review of all pediatric single-ventricle patients who underwent cardiac catheterization between March 2009 and October 2015 at Rush Center for Congenital Heart Disease was performed. Fifty-one patients’ charts were reviewed. Twenty-five patients received coil closure of one or more internal mammary artery (coil group) and 26 received no coil closure (no-coil group). In the coil group, 21 (84 %) had their collateral vessels coiled in the pre-Fontan period and 4 (16 %) had their vessels coiled in the post-Fontan period. In the coil group, 18 (72 %) had their right internal mammary artery coiled and 7 (28 %) had both right and left internal mammary arteries coiled. None of the coil group had isolated coil closure of the left internal mammary artery. This study is the first to verify the frequency of right and/or left internal mammary artery coil closure in SV patients and the potential impact on future coronary artery bypass grafting. Extensive peri-Fontan coiling of the internal mammary arteries presents a significant potential challenge for subsequent management of SV patients as older adults.