23.09.2023 | BRIEF REPORT
Frequent nuclear β-catenin expression in pulmonary enteric-type adenocarcinoma according to the current World Health Organization criteria
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Based on the current World Health Organization classification criteria, five of 3895 consecutive cases of surgically resected primary lung carcinomas (0.13%) categorized as enteric-type were analyzed. Three cases completely comprised tumor cells that resemble colorectal adenocarcinoma, while the other two cases exhibited features of conventional adenocarcinomas admixed with enteric components. Immunohistochemically, all patients expressed at least three of the five intestinal markers: CDX2, CK20, HNF4α, MUC2, and SATB2. None of the patients expressed TTF-1 and NKX3.1. Three cases showed nuclear accumulation of β-catenin, indicating activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway; APC mutations were detected in one of these cases. TP53 mutations were detected in three cases. Mutated EGFR or ALK fusions were not detected. Our study demonstrates that pulmonary enteric-type adenocarcinomas share immunohistochemical features and genetic alterations with colorectal adenocarcinomas, which are characterized by frequent activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and a lack of actionable mutations.