Skip to main content
main-content

31.10.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 5/2019

Digestive Diseases and Sciences 5/2019

Functional Dyspepsia: Clinical Symptoms, Psychological Findings, and GCSI Scores

Zeitschrift:
Digestive Diseases and Sciences > Ausgabe 5/2019
Autoren:
Brian E. Lacy, Kelly Everhart, Michael D. Crowell

Abstract

Background

The GCSI questionnaire measures symptoms of gastroparesis (GP). Symptoms of FD overlap with GP. The ability of the GCSI to discriminate FD from GP is unknown.

Aims

By prospectively evaluating functional dyspepsia (FD) patients, we aimed to evaluate the ability of the Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI) to: (1) distinguish FD from GP; (2) predict symptom severity, anxiety, and depression; (3) correlate symptoms with gastric emptying.

Methods

FD patients (Rome III criteria) were identified, and upper endoscopy and gastric emptying scan (GES) data recorded. A total of 254 patients were mailed a questionnaire evaluating demographics, FD symptoms, mental well-being; the GCSI was included.

Results

One hundred and twenty-three patients responded; of them, 75% were women and mean age was 49 (15 SD) years. 44.7% were categorized as postprandial distress subtype (PDS), 34.1% were epigastric pain subtype (EPS), and 21.1% were mixed type. The mean GCSI score was 2.02 (1.1 SD), slightly lower than historical GP controls (2.26–2.56). Mixed EPS–PDS subtype had the lowest GCSI scores (1.79; 0.91 SD). Bloating was the highest GCSI subscore (2.70; 1.53 SD), followed by fullness (2.31; 1.39 SD) and nausea (1.08; 1.19 SD). The GCSI total score did not correlate with anxiety and depression scores or with 4-h gastric emptying.

Conclusions

In this population of FD patients, GCSI scores were slightly lower than historical gastroparesis control patients, although within the reported range. These results suggest that the GCSI cannot accurately distinguish FD patients from GP patients. A more specific questionnaire is needed to aid in the diagnosis and management of these distinct gastrointestinal disorders.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 5/2019

Digestive Diseases and Sciences 5/2019 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Innere Medizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Allgemeinmedizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.