Several pull-through procedures have been described for Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) with varying functional outcomes. The voluntary bowel movement (VBM) and the absence of soiling or constipation after pull-through remain the most important markers of good outcome. We aimed to compare the functional outcomes in HSCR patients following Soave and Duhamel procedures.
Krickenbeck classification was utilized to determine VBM, soiling and constipation for patients who underwent Soave and Duhamel pull-through at Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Indonesia from 2013 to 2016.
Fifty-three patients were ascertained (Soave: 23 males and 2 females vs. Duhamel: 22 males and 6 females, p = 0.26). Ninety-three and 88% patients had a VBM following Duhamel and Soave pull-through, respectively (p = 0.66). Constipation frequency was significantly higher in Soave than Duhamel groups (24% vs. 4%; p = 0.04) with OR of 8.5 (95% CI = 1.0–76.7), whereas soiling rate was similar between Duhamel (21%) and Soave (8%) groups (p = 0.26). Furthermore, the risk of constipation was increased ~ 21.7-fold in female patients after Soave procedure and was almost statistically significant (p = 0.05).
The constipation rate is higher in patients who underwent Soave than Duhamel procedure, but the VBM and soiling frequencies are similar. The constipation risk following Soave pull-through might be increased by the female gender. Furthermore, a multicenter study with a larger sample of patients is necessary to clarify and confirm our findings.