Skip to main content
main-content

30.04.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 9/2018

Surgery Today 9/2018

Gastrointestinal complications after lung transplantation in Japanese patients

Zeitschrift:
Surgery Today > Ausgabe 9/2018
Autoren:
Hidenao Kayawake, Toyofumi F. Chen-Yoshikawa, Hideki Motoyama, Masatsugu Hamaji, Daisuke Nakajima, Akihiro Aoyama, Hiroshi Date

Abstract

Purpose

Gastrointestinal complications after lung transplantation (LTx) are an important postoperative morbidity associated with malnutrition and the malabsorption of drugs. We reviewed our experience of managing gastrointestinal complications after LTx.

Methods

Between June, 2008 and April, 2017, 160 lung transplants were performed at our institution, as living-donor lobar lung transplants in 77 patients, and as deceased-donor lung transplants in 83. We reviewed, retrospectively, the incidence, type and management of gastrointestinal complications.

Results

Among the 160 LTx recipients, 58 (36.3%) suffered a collective 70 gastrointestinal complications, the most frequent being gastroparesis, followed by gastroesophageal reflux disease. Two complications were managed surgically, by Nissen fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease in one recipient and Hartmann’s operation for sigmoid colon perforation in one. The other 68 complications were managed medically. Two patients died of complications: one, of aspiration pneumonia caused by gastroparesis; and one, of panperitonitis caused by a gastric ulcer. There were no significant differences in overall survival or chronic lung allograft dysfunction-free survival between the patients with and those without gastrointestinal complications.

Conclusions

Gastrointestinal complications are not uncommon in LTx recipients and may be serious; therefore, early detection and appropriate treatment are imperative. Surgical management is required for some complications, but most can be managed medically.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 9/2018

Surgery Today 9/2018 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise