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01.01.2019 | Ischemic Heart Disease (D Mukherjee, Section Editor) | Ausgabe 1/2019

Current Cardiology Reports 1/2019

Genetic Risk, Adherence to a Healthy Lifestyle, and Ischemic Heart Disease

Current Cardiology Reports > Ausgabe 1/2019
Thomas F. Whayne Jr, Sibu P. Saha
Wichtige Hinweise
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Ischemic Heart Disease

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Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.


Purpose of Review

The purpose of this review is to investigate and discuss two aspects of coronary artery disease (CAD)—genetic risk and therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC)—both of which have key importance for patients and their care but which actually receive inadequate attention.

Recent Findings

Genetic risk has generally been relegated to a broad association with the presence of one or more inherited cardiovascular (CV) risk factors such as hypercholesterolemia, family history of atherosclerosis, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. However, the future of genetic risk is an understanding of specific genes, a genetic risk score, specific genetic loci known as selective nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), specific alleles, and microribonucleic acids (miRNAs). Healthy lifestyle is fashionably referred to as TLC and encompasses physical fitness, exercise, behavioral modification, diet, and stress reduction.


In the past decade, aggressive treatment of cholesterol with statins has received the major emphasis for CV risk reduction. Genetics, of course, can only be modified by factors that influence epigenetics, and TLC could have an effect on genetics by this mechanism. On the other hand, each individual component of TLC has been shown to contribute to a reduction of CV risk. Although aggressive pharmaceutical approaches are now in vogue, whatever TLC can contribute, depending on the degree of individual patient adherence, should never be forgotten.

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