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01.12.2019 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 1/2019

Genial tubercle position and genioglossus advancement in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment: a systematic review

Zeitschrift:
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Edward T. Chang, Yong-Dae Kwon, Junho Jung, Robson Capasso, Robert Riley, Stanley C. Liu, Macario Camacho
Wichtige Hinweise
Yong-Dae Kwon and Macario Camacho equally contributed to the work.

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Background

To systematically review the literature for methods to localize the genial tubercle as a means for performing an advancement of the genioglossus muscle.

Methods

PubMed, Google Scholar, CRISP, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Scopus were searched from inception through June 16, 2015.

Results

One hundred fifty-two articles were screened, and the full text versions of 12 articles were reviewed in their entirety and 7 publications reporting their methodology for localizing the genial tubercle. Based upon these measurements and the results published from radiographic imaging and cadaveric dissections of all the papers included in this study, we identified the genial tubercle as being positioned within the mandible at a point 10 mm from the incisor apex and 10 mm from the lower mandibular border.

Conclusion

Based upon the results of this review, the genial tubercles were positioned within the mandible at a point 10 mm from the incisor apex and 10 mm from the lower mandible border. It may serve as an additional reference for localizing the genial tubercle and the attachment of the genioglossus muscle to the mandible, although the preoperative radiological evaluation and the palpation of the GT are recommended to accurately isolate.
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