Skip to main content
main-content

16.01.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2020

Pediatric Nephrology 4/2020

Glucose metabolism disorders in children with refractory nephrotic syndrome

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Nephrology > Ausgabe 4/2020
Autoren:
Toshiyuki Takahashi, Takayuki Okamoto, Yasuyuki Sato, Asako Hayashi, Yasuhiro Ueda, Tadashi Ariga
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Background

Patients with refractory nephrotic syndrome (NS) are at high risk of medication-induced glucose metabolism disorders, because of their long-term use of diabetogenic medications, particularly glucocorticoids and calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs). However, there have been no comprehensive evaluations of glucose metabolism disorders in pediatric patients with refractory NS. Moreover, glucocorticoids and CNIs could not be discontinued in these patients until the effectiveness of rituximab on refractory NS was shown, and therefore, there has been limited opportunity to evaluate glucose metabolism disorders after discontinuation of these medications.

Methods

Consecutive pediatric patients who started rituximab treatment for refractory NS were enrolled. Their glucose metabolism conditions were evaluated using the oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) and HbA1c levels at the initiation of rituximab treatment. Patients with glucose metabolism disorders at the first evaluation were reevaluated after approximately 2 years.

Results

Overall, 57% (20/35) of study patients had glucose metabolism disorders, and 40% (8/20) of these patients were detected only by their 2-h OGTT blood glucose levels and not by their fasting blood glucose or HbA1c levels. Non-obese/non-overweight patients had significantly more glucose metabolism disorders than obese/overweight patients (p = 0.019). In addition, glucose metabolism disorders in 71% (10/14) of patients persisted after the discontinuation of glucocorticoids and CNIs.

Conclusions

Whether the patient is obese/overweight or not, patients with refractory NS are at high risk of developing glucose metabolism disorders, even in childhood. Non-obese/non-overweight patients who are at high risk of diabetes need extra vigilance.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2020

Pediatric Nephrology 4/2020 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Pädiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Pädiatrie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Pädiatrie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise