Skip to main content
main-content

20.11.2018 | KNEE | Ausgabe 5/2019

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 5/2019

Good clinical and radiological results of total knee arthroplasty using varus valgus constrained or rotating hinge implants in ligamentous laxity

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 5/2019
Autoren:
Eric Röhner, Kathrin Benad, Timo Zippelius, Nadja Kloss, Benjamin Jacob, Julia Kirschberg, Georg Matziolis

Abstract

Purpose

The optimal degree of constraint of a total knee arthroplasty for treatment of knee osteoarthritis with ligamentous laxity is under debate. While varus valgus constrained knees require a minimum level of ligamentous stability, rotating hinge knees can even be implanted if the collateral ligaments have been lost completely. It seems plausible that joint kinematics are determined by implant design in rotating hinge knees, whereas varus valgus constrained knees may be influenced by remaining stabilizers. This may result in more predictable clinical results of hinge knees. The hypothesis of the present study, therefore, was that stability and clinical outcome are better after total knee arthroplasty using rotating hinge knees than after using varus valgus constrained knees.

Methods

All patients who were treated using a mobile-bearing varus valgus constrained knee or a rotating hinge knee for treatment of end-stage osteoarthritis and ligamentous laxity were included. At follow-up, clinical scores were determined (WOMAC, VAS, KSS, FJS, Lysholm). Furthermore, body mass index, operating time, and postoperative complications were documented. Whole leg radiographs as well as patella axial radiographs were analyzed for implant alignment and patella tracking.

Results

Eighty-five patients were included in this retrospective study. Both groups showed an average range of motion of 113°. No significant difference between the two groups was observed for any of the scores recorded. In the rotating hinge knee group, a more precise tibia positioning in relation to the mechanical axis but also a significant lateralisation and tilting of the patella were seen, compared with the varus valgus constrained knee group.

Conclusions

Rotating hinge knees did not perform better than mobile-bearing varus valgus constrained knees clinically. Both prosthesis types showed equally good clinical outcomes with regard to stability, mobility, satisfaction, pain and operating time.

Level of evidence

Retrospective case series, Level IV.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 5/2019

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 5/2019 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise