Skip to main content
main-content

19.03.2020 | Original Contributions

Gut and Metabolic Hormones Changes After Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty (ESG) Vs. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG)

Zeitschrift:
Obesity Surgery
Autoren:
Gontrand Lopez-Nava, Anuradha Negi, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Miguel Angel Rubio, Ravishankar Asokkumar
Wichtige Hinweise
Gontrand Lopez-Nava and Anuradha Negi contributed equally to this work.

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Introduction

ESG reduces gastric lumen similar to LSG and induces significant weight loss. However, the metabolic and physiological alteration after ESG is not fully understood. We aim to study the gastrointestinal hormone changes after ESG and compared it with LSG.

Methods

We conducted a prospective pilot study comparing ESG and LSG at two centers in Spain. We administered a standard test meal after an overnight fast, and collected blood samples before and after meal. We measured the levels of ghrelin, GLP-1, peptide-YY, insulin, leptin, and adiponectin. We evaluated the hormone profile and weight changes (%TBWL) at baseline and at 6 months after the procedure.

Results

Twenty-four patients were recruited (ESG-12, LSG-12). The baseline age, sex, BMI, and fasting hormone levels were similar between the groups. At 6-month post-ESG, there was a significant decline in the leptin levels. We found a trend towards a decrease in insulin levels and improvement in insulin secretory pattern. We did not observe any change in fasting ghrelin levels, GLP-1, and PYY. At 6 months, LSG induced a significant reduction in the ghrelin, and leptin levels, and increase in peptide-YY, and adiponectin levels, respectively. A trend towards an increase in GLP-1 level was noted. However, no change in insulin was observed. LSG achieved greater %TBWL (24.4 vs. 13.3, p < 0.001) and significantly change in ghrelin, PYY, and adiponectin levels at 6 months compared to ESG.

Conclusion

ESG induced gut hormone changes differently as compared to LSG. ESG prevented a compensatory rise in ghrelin and promoted beneficial changes in the insulin secretory pattern with weight loss.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.