28.02.2023 | Original Article
H2ARDD score as a feasible predictor of heart failure events in patients with atrial fibrillation: a validation study
Naoki Taniguchi, Yoko Miyasaka, Yoshinobu Suwa, Shoko Harada, Eri Nakai, Ichiro Shiojima
Heart and Vessels
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It was reported that the H2ARDD score (organic heart diseases = 2 points, anemia = 1 point, renal dysfunction = 1 point, diabetes = 1 point, and diuretic use = 1point; range 0 to 6 points) may help identify patients with AF at high risk for HF events. However, this score has not been externally validated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of H2ARDD score in predicting HF events in patients with AF. We used a prospective database of patients with AF, and Cox-proportional hazards models were used to assess the risk of HF events. The outcome of interest was defined as HF events including new-onset HF and death from HF. Of 562 AF patients, 518 (mean 69.7 ± 9.7 years-old, 64.9% men) met study criteria, and 84 (16.2%) developed HF events during a mean follow–up of 54 ± 42 months. In multivariable analyses, H2ARDD score was shown as a significant predictor for HF events [hazard ratio (HR): 1.56, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.36–1.79], independent of age (per 10 years, HR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.03–1.78). In the Kaplan–Meier analyses stratified by H2ARDD score categories (0–2, 3–4, 5–6), the patients with higher H2ARDD scores had significantly worse HF event-free survival (log-rank P < 0.0001). The area under the ROC curve was 0.71 (95% CI: 0.65–0.77, P < 0.0001). The sensitivity and specificity at a cut-off score of ≥ 3 were 60% and 71%, respectively. In conclusion, the H2ARDD score may be feasible for HF risk stratification in patients with AF.