28.09.2023 | Brief Report
H3K27me3 deficiency in dedifferentiated carcinoma and carcinosarcoma of the endometrium
Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
The present study immunohistochemically investigated trimethylation of lysine 27 of histone 3 (H3K27me3) expression in 769 endometrial carcinomas and 196 uterine mesenchymal tumors. One dedifferentiated endometrial carcinoma (DEC) and one carcinosarcoma showed H3K27me3 deficiency that was limited to undifferentiated and sarcomatous components, respectively. Switch/sucrose nonfermenting (SWI/SNF) complex subunits (SMARCA4, SMARCB1, and ARID1A/1B) and mismatch repair proteins were proficient in both tumors. The dimethylation of H3K27 (H3K27me2) was deficient in the undifferentiated component, whereas the sarcomatous component had scattered H3K27me2-positive cells. CXorf67, which inhibits PRC2 function, was diffusely expressed in the sarcomatous component. CXorf67 was negative in the undifferentiated component, which was submitted to a genetic analysis and showed no alterations in PRC2 core subunits or H3K27. The present results suggest H3K27 methylation dysregulation as a cause of SWI/SNF-proficient DEC and carcinosarcoma and imply differences in their level of and the mechanisms underlying H3K27 methylation dysregulation.