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01.12.2018 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1/2018

Health and quality of life outcomes impairment of quality of life in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study

Zeitschrift:
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Jessie N. Zurita-Cruz, Leticia Manuel-Apolinar, María Luisa Arellano-Flores, Alejandro Gutierrez-Gonzalez, Alma Gloria Najera-Ahumada, Nelly Cisneros-González

Abstract

Background

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a chronic disease, and for treatment to succeed, it is necessary to harmonize the mental health of the patient with the environment, which impacts quality of life and adherence to medical regimens. The objetive of this study is describe the quality of life of patients with DM2 and the factors relates to its modification.

Methods

This investigation was a cross-sectional study. Patients over 18 years of age with DM2 were selected. The following variables related to quality of life were studied: age, sex, occupation, marital status, years of DM2 evolution, comorbidities and presence of depression (Beck Depression Inventory). Perceived quality of life was measured with a health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scale, the 36-Item Short-Form Survey (SF-36). Patients were classified according to SF-36 HRQoL score (< 50, 51-75 and > 76 points).

Results

Among the 1394 patients included, the median age was 62 years. Global HRQoL had a median of 50.1 points. Bivariate analysis showed that age, marital status, sex, occupation, comorbidities, duration of DM2 and comorbidities had impacts on HRQoL. The logistic regression model identified age (odds ratio [OR] 1.04) and depression (OR 4.4) as independent factors that influenced overall quality of life.

Conclusions

Patients with DM2 have poor HRQoL, which is associated with a high frequency of depression. Older age and the presence of depression impair patient HRQoL.

Trial registration

R-2013-781-052. Registered 20 December 2014.
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