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01.12.2014 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 12/2014

AIDS and Behavior 12/2014

Health Care Provider Attitudes and Beliefs About People Living with HIV: Initial Validation of the Health Care Provider HIV/AIDS Stigma Scale (HPASS)

AIDS and Behavior > Ausgabe 12/2014
Anne C. Wagner, Trevor A. Hart, Kelly E. McShane, Shari Margolese, Todd A. Girard
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10461-014-0834-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.


HIV stigma is a pressing concern for people living with HIV, and particularly when it is perpetuated by health care providers, as it may affect quality of life and access to health care services. The current study describes the development and initial validation of a contextually appropriate HIV stigma scale for health care providers in North America. A ground-up qualitative approach was used to develop the scale, and it was assessed psychometrically with health care trainees across Canada. The measure demonstrates excellent internal consistency reliability and test–retest reliability, as well as convergent and divergent validity. The study supports a tripartite model of HIV stigma consisting of stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination. The scale provides a new tool to assess HIV stigma in health care providers and can be used to inform training, intervention and self-evaluation of stigmatizing attitudes, beliefs and behaviors among providers.

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