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01.03.2012 | Short Communication | Ausgabe 3/2012

Rheumatology International 3/2012

Healthcare-associated infections in rheumatology in Japan

Zeitschrift:
Rheumatology International > Ausgabe 3/2012
Autoren:
Masahiro Iwamoto, Takeshi Kamimura, Takao Nagashima, Yasuyuki Kamata, Yoko Aoki, Sachiko Onishi, Seiji Minota

Abstract

Prospective observational study was performed to elucidate the incidence and characteristics of healthcare-associated infections in a university hospital for rheumatology care. In this study, a total of 1,226 patients were prospectively enrolled between March 2004 and February 2006 and between April 2008 and December 2008. Healthcare-associated infection was defined as an infection developing after the third day of admission to the rheumatology ward. We detected the following 54 healthcare-associated infections in 49 patients: respiratory tract infection, 14 cases; Clostridium difficile infection, 2 cases; urinary tract infection, 4 cases; bloodstream infection, 9 cases; skin infection, 2 cases; reactivation of latent cytomegalovirus infection, 6 cases; herpes zoster infection, 5 cases; Candida infection, 7 cases; others, 4 cases. The incidence rate of respiratory tract infection was the highest. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was the causative bacterium in 21% of respiratory tract infections cases. Bloodstream infection due to the insertion of a catheter and opportunistic infection by a latent virus were also occurred commonly. Respiratory tract infection, bloodstream infection and opportunistic infection by a latent virus were the most common causes of healthcare-associated infection in rheumatology. It is important to pay more attention to healthcare-associated infection.

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