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18.11.2019 | Review Paper

Healthcare Policies for Stateless Populations in ASEAN Countries: A Scoping Review

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Proloy Barua, Mukdarut Bangpan, Kanida Narattharaksa, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10903-019-00945-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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This study aimed at summarizing the existing health policies for stateless populations living in the 10 ASEAN countries: Brunei, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. We followed scoping review method recommended by Arksey and O’Malley. Our inclusion criteria were based on three concepts: populations (stateless and undocumented people), issues (healthcare policies and regulations), and settings (10 ASEAN countries). Our findings suggest that none of the ASEAN countries have explicit healthcare policies for stateless people except Thailand. We also observed that ratification of international human rights treaties relating to the right to health does not necessarily translate into the provision of healthcare policies for stateless population. Although Thailand seems like the only country among 10 ASIAN countries having health policies for stateless populations in the country, the question remains whether having a policy would lead to a proper implementation by ensuring right to health.

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