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28.05.2018 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 8/2018

AIDS and Behavior 8/2018

Healthcare Seeking Intention if Diagnosed with HIV Among Young MSM in Taiwan: A Theory-Based Comparison by Voluntary Counseling and Testing Experience

Zeitschrift:
AIDS and Behavior > Ausgabe 8/2018
Autoren:
Min-Jung Li, Jiun-Hau Huang
Wichtige Hinweise
Jiun-Hau Huang contributed equally to this work as first author.

Abstract

The number of HIV cases in Taiwan exceeded 30,000 in 2016. Per the UNAIDS 90–90–90 target, 81% of people living with HIV should receive medication. However, numerous previous studies focused on adherence rather than the initial healthcare seeking intention if diagnosed with HIV (HIV HSI). Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), anonymous online survey data were collected from December 2016 through February 2017 from 2709 young MSM (YMSM) ages 15–39. Multivariate logistic regression found the significant factors and strengths of associations with HIV HSI varied by their HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) experience. YMSM without VCT experience perceiving high support from salient others (AOR = 1.28) and high control under facilitating conditions (AOR = 2.73) had higher HIV HSI. YMSM with VCT experience perceiving high control under facilitating (AOR = 1.79) and constraining (AOR = 1.54) conditions had higher HIV HSI. Regardless of VCT experience, YMSM with positive attitudes toward positive healthcare seeking outcomes (AOR = 3.72–3.95) had highest HIV HSI, highlighting the importance of increasing positive outcome expectations in YMSM.

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