Skip to main content
main-content

04.06.2020 | Review Article | Ausgabe 4/2020

International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy 4/2020

Hematologic adverse effects induced by piperacillin–tazobactam: a systematic review of case reports

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy > Ausgabe 4/2020
Autoren:
Qingqing Wang, Zhongfang He, Xin’an Wu, Yuhui Wei, Jianlin Huang
Wichtige Hinweise
Qingqing Wang and Zhongfang He have contributed equally, should be considered co-first authors.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Background Piperacillin/tazobactam, a semisynthetic antibiotic, is widely used to treat polymicrobial infections. Its hematologic adverse reactions are rare and the severity can be mild to life-threatening. To our knowledge, there has not been a publication reviewing hematologic abnormalities attributable to piperacillin/tazobactam. Aim of the review To evaluate the characteristic, clinical identification, mechanism and treatment of the hematologic toxicity caused by piperacillin/tazobactam. Method A search of Medline and Embase electronic databases was performed for case reports of adverse reactions of hematologic system related to piperacillin/tazobactam from inception to December 2018. Statistical analysis of demographic, clinical features, laboratory Indexes and treatments was performed using Microsoft EXCEL 2007. Results Fifty-nine references were obtained involving 62 patients. The adverse drug reactions were mainly hemolytic anemia (25, 40.3%), thrombocytopenia (23, 37.1%), and neutropenia (12, 19.4%), which might be accompanied by some typical symptoms. Hemolytic anemia or thrombocytopenia was generally believed to be immune-mediated and often appeared within 10 days, and neutropenia was thought to be related to bone marrow suppression and usually occurred 2 weeks after the initiation of piperacillin/tazobactam. Most patients improved or recovered within a week with treatment or not, and fewer high-quality evidence-based treatments were identified. Conclusion Although part of the patients have clinical symptom, the hematologic adverse drug reactions of piperacillin/tazobactam are easily overlooked or misdiagnosed. Take special caution for patients with prolonged piperacillin/tazobactam treatment or specific disease, and prompt recognition and treatment of the adverse drug reactions are essential and can hasten recovery regardless of the type of side reactions.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner*in

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2020

International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy 4/2020 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Innere Medizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

© Springer Medizin 

Bildnachweise