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01.11.2010 | Clinical trial | Ausgabe 2/2010

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2/2010

HER2 status of circulating tumor cells in patients with metastatic breast cancer: a prospective, multicenter trial

Zeitschrift:
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment > Ausgabe 2/2010
Autoren:
Tanja Fehm, Volkmar Müller, Bahriye Aktas, Wolfgang Janni, Andreas Schneeweiss, Elmar Stickeler, Claus Lattrich, Christian R. Löhberg, Erich Solomayer, Brigitte Rack, Sabine Riethdorf, Christoph Klein, Christian Schindlbeck, Kerstin Brocker, Sabine Kasimir-Bauer, Diethelm Wallwiener, Klaus Pantel
Wichtige Hinweise
This study is conducted on behalf of the DETECT Study Group.
T. Fehm and V. Müller contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

There is a growing body of evidence that HER2 status can change during disease recurrence or progression in breast cancer patients. In this context, re-evaluation of HER2 status by assessment of HER2 expression on circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is a strategy with potential clinical application. The aim of this trial was to determine the HER2 status of CTCs in metastatic breast cancer patients comparing two CTC assays. A total of 254 patients with metastatic breast cancer from nine German university breast cancer centers were enrolled in this prospective study. HER2 status of CTCs was assessed using both the FDA-approved CellSearch® assay and AdnaTest BreastCancer™. Using the CellSearch assay, 122 of 245 (50%) patients had ≥5 CTCs, and HER2-positive CTCs were observed in 50 (41%) of these patients. Ninety of 229 (39%) patients were CTC positive using AdnaTest BreastCancer, and HER2 positivity rate was 47% (42 of 90). The rate of breast cancer patients with HER2-negative primary tumors but HER2-positive CTCs was 32% (25 of 78) and 49% (28 of 57) using the CellSearch assay and AdnaTest BreastCancer, respectively. Considering only those patients who had CTCs on both tests (n = 62), concordant results regarding HER2 positivity were obtained in 50% of the patients (31/62) (P = 0.96, κ = −0.006). HER2-positive CTCs can be detected in a relevant number of patients with HER2 negative primary tumors. Therefore, it will be mandatory to correlate the assay-dependent HER2 status of CTCs to the clinical response on HER2-targeted therapies.

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