Skip to main content
main-content

20.05.2016 | Original Article – Clinical Oncology | Ausgabe 8/2016

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 8/2016

High-risk and low-risk gastric cancer areas in Italy and its association with microsatellite instability

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 8/2016
Autoren:
Karol Polom, Daniele Marrelli, Valeria Pascale, Giandomenico Roviello, Costantino Voglino, Henry Rho, Carla Vindigni, Mario Marini, Raffaele Macchiarelli, Franco Roviello

Abstract

Purpose

The different pathological characteristics and prognoses between gastric cancer patients coming from high-risk (group A) and low-risk (group B) areas of Italy were analyzed. We investigated a suspected difference in microsatellite instability (MSI) between these two groups.

Methods

MSI analyses of 452 gastric cancer patients were performed using five quasimonomorphic mononucleotide repeats NR-21, NR-24, NR-27, BAT-25, and BAT-26. MSI analysis was done by PCR usage. An allelic profile of these five mononucleotides was detected on an automated DNA sequencer ABI PRISM 3100 Genetic Analyser. Data were analyzed according to high-risk and low-risk gastric cancer areas.

Results

MSI was observed in 23.9 % of all gastric cancer patients studied. Patients from group A showed a higher rate of MSI (28.4 %) than from group B (13.5 %) (p < 0.001). We analyzed this association together with tumor location and Lauren classification: A nonsignificant differences were seen when analyzing cardia and non-cardia tumors (p = 0.854) but significant for Lauren histotype (p = 0.028). There was no statistical difference in survival between high-risk and low-risk areas (p = 0.437), with a nonsignificant trend for better survival in the high-risk group, especially when measured over a longer period of time. Analyzing MSI or MSS in these groups, the survival curves were almost the same.

Conclusions

A higher frequency of MSI in patients coming from high-risk areas may help explain geographical differences in gastric cancer. The trend of better survival in high-risk areas may be due to a higher rate of MSI gastric cancer patients.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 8/2016

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 8/2016Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise