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27.09.2016 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 12/2016

International Orthopaedics 12/2016

Hip stability during lengthening in children with congenital femoral deficiency

Zeitschrift:
International Orthopaedics > Ausgabe 12/2016
Autoren:
Mark Eidelman, Julio J. Jauregui, Shawn C. Standard, Dror Paley, John E. Herzenberg
Wichtige Hinweise
Study conducted at the Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland

Abstract

Background

Congenital femoral deficiency (CFD) is one of the most challenging and complex conditions for limb lengthening. We focused on the problem of hip instability during femoral lengthening because subluxation and dislocation are potentially catastrophic for hip function.

Methods

We assessed for hip stability in 69 children (91 femoral lengthenings) who had CFD Paley type 1a (43 children) and 1b (26 children). The mean age at first lengthening was 6.4 years.

Results

Hip subluxation/dislocation occurred during 14 (15 %) of 91 lengthenings. Thirty-three pelvic osteotomies were performed before lengthening in an attempt to stabilize hips. Thirteen patients (type 1a, eight; type 1b, five) had acetabular dysplasia at initiation of lengthening. One of the eight with type 1a experienced mild femoral head subluxation; four of the five with type 1b experienced three dislocations and one subluxation. Eight patients (type 1b) experienced hip instability although they had pelvic osteotomies. Proximal femoral lengthening was a significant factor for hip subluxation. Patients with hip subluxation more likely underwent monolateral fixation and the original superhip procedure. Age ±six years was not a contributing factor for hip instability.

Conclusions

Important risk factors for hip instability during femoral lengthening are severity of CFD, residual acetabular dysplasia, and proximal femoral lengthening. We recommend routine performance of pelvic osteotomy for patients with Paley type 1b CFD and distal lengthening.

Level of evidence

Therapeutic Level IV

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