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08.03.2019 | Rhinology | Ausgabe 6/2019

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 6/2019

Histamine H4 receptor regulates Th2-cytokine profile through thymic stromal lymphopoietin in allergic rhinitis

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology > Ausgabe 6/2019
Autoren:
Wei Wei Wang, Yong Liang Pan, Hong Wei Yu, Bo Zhang, Sheng Wen Shao
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Abstract

Purpose

Epithelial thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) promotes Th2 inflammatory responses through induction of OX40 ligand (OX40L) on dendritic cells in allergic rhinitis (AR). Emerging evidence supports the important role of histamine H4 receptor (H4R) in allergic inflammation. This study aimed to investigate the effects of H4R in Th2-cytokine profile mediated by TSLP in AR.

Methods

Human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs) from AR patients were stimulated with histamine in the presence or absence of H4R agonist (4-methylhistamine, 4-MH) and antagonist (NJ7777120, JNJ) or H1R agonist (2-pyridylethylamine). TSLP protein was measured by Western blotting and ELISA. To further elucidate the role of H4R in the in vivo situation of experimental AR, rats were sensitized and treated with JNJ or 4-MH. TSLP and OX40 ligand (OX40L) in the nasal mucosa were assayed by Western blotting. Th2 cytokines including interleukin-4, 5 and 13 in nasal lavage fluids were detected by ELISA.

Results

Histamine alone did not induce TSLP production by HNECs. The pre-incubation with 4-MH prior to histamine promoted TSLP expression, which was inhibited by the stimulation with JNJ prior to histamine and 4-MH. The pre-incubation with 2-pyridylethylamine before histamine stimulation had no impact on TSLP production. In AR rats, the levels of TSLP and OX40L protein were increased as well as Th2 cytokines, which was further up-regulated by 4-MH treatment, while JNJ treatment attenuated these effects.

Conclusions

H4R activation induced TSLP production by HNECs, which up-regulated OX40L expression in the nasal mucosa of sensitized rats. These factors promoted Th2-cytokine profile in AR.

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