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28.11.2018 | Magnetic Resonance

Histogram analysis of amide proton transfer–weighted imaging: comparison of glioblastoma and solitary brain metastasis in enhancing tumors and peritumoral regions

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology
Autoren:
Kiyohisa Kamimura, Masanori Nakajo, Tomohide Yoneyama, Yoshihiko Fukukura, Hirofumi Hirano, Yuko Goto, Masashi Sasaki, Yuta Akamine, Jochen Keupp, Takashi Yoshiura
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00330-018-5832-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Objectives

Differentiation of glioblastomas (GBMs) and solitary brain metastases (SBMs) is an important clinical problem. The aim of this study was to determine whether amide proton transfer–weighted (APTW) imaging is useful for distinguishing GBMs from SBMs.

Methods

We examined 31 patients with GBM and 17 with SBM. For each tumor, enhancing areas (EAs) and surrounding non-enhancing areas with T2-prolongation (peritumoral high signal intensity areas, PHAs) were manually segmented using fusion images of the post-contrast T1-weighted and T2-weighted images. The mean amide proton transfer signal intensities (APTSIs) were compared among the EAs, PHAs, and contralateral normal appearing white matter (NAWM) within each tumor type. Furthermore, we analyzed APTSI histograms to compare the EAs and PHAs of GBMs and SBMs.

Results

In GBMs, the mean APTSI in EAs (2.92 ± 0.74%) was the highest, followed by that in PHAs (1.64 ± 0.83%, p < 0.001) and NAWM (0.43 ± 0.83%, p < 0.001). In SBMs, the mean APTSI in EAs (1.85 ± 0.99%) and PHAs (1.42 ± 0.45%) were significantly higher than that in NAWM (0.42 ± 0.30%, p < 0.001), whereas no significant difference was found between EAs and PHAs. The mean and 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles for APT in EAs of GBMs were significantly higher than those of SBMs. However, no significant difference was found between GBMs and SBMs in any histogram parameters for PHA.

Conclusions

APTSI in EAs, but not PHAs, is useful for differentiation between GBMs and SBMs.

Key Points

• Amide proton transfer–weighted imaging and histogram analysis in the enhancing tumor can provide useful information for differentiation between glioblastomas and solitary brain metastasis.
• Amide proton transfer signal intensity histogram parameters from peritumoral areas showed no significant difference between glioblastomas and solitary brain metastasis.
• Vasogenic edema alone can substantially increase amide proton transfer signal intensity which may mimic tumor invasion.

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ESM 1 (DOCX 25 kb)
330_2018_5832_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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