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01.12.2016 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

BMC Geriatrics 1/2016

How do older people describe their sensory experiences of the natural world? A systematic review of the qualitative evidence

Zeitschrift:
BMC Geriatrics > Ausgabe 1/2016
Autoren:
Noreen Orr, Alexandra Wagstaffe, Simon Briscoe, Ruth Garside
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​s12877-016-0288-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Despite the increased scholarly interest in the senses and sensory experiences, the topic of older people’s sensory engagement with nature is currently under researched. This paper reviews and synthesises qualitative research evidence about how older people, including those living with dementia, describe their sensory engagement with the natural world.

Methods

Ten databases were searched from 1990 to September 2014: MEDLINE (Ovid), MEDLINE-in-Process (Ovid), PsycINFO (Ovid), CINAHL (EBSCO), GreenFILE (EBSCO), ProQuest Sociology, ASSIA (ProQuest), International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (ProQuest); HMIC (Ovid); Social Policy and Practice (Ovid). Forward and backward citation chasing of included articles was conducted; 20 organizations were contacted to identify unpublished reports. Screening was undertaken independently by two reviewers.

Results

Twenty seven studies were included. Thematic analysis revealed that descriptions of sensory experiences are encompassed within six themes: descriptions from ‘the window’; sensory descriptions that emphasise vision; descriptions of ‘being in nature’; descriptions of ‘doing in nature’; barriers to sensory engagement; and meanings of being and doing in nature.

Conclusions

Older people derive considerable pleasure and enjoyment from viewing nature, being and doing in nature which, in turn has a positive impact on their wellbeing and quality of life. Future research could usefully explore how sensory engagement with nature could be used to stimulate reminiscences of places and people, and evoke past sensory experiences to enrich everyday life and maintain a sense of self.
The protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42015020736).
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