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01.12.2017 | Editorial | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2017

How to choose the best journal for your case report

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Richard A. Rison, Jennifer Kelly Shepphird, Michael R. Kidd
Wichtige Hinweise
An erratum to this article is available at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s13256-017-1452-7.

Background

Case reports offer unique value to the body of medical knowledge by describing new diseases, disease mechanisms, therapeutic approaches, and adverse or beneficial effects of drugs. The act of recording, discussing with colleagues, and publishing clinical observations as case reports remains essential to the art of medicine and patient care [1]. These short communications generate or enforce hypotheses that may lead to further evaluation in larger study designs [2]. In providing detailed descriptions of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient, case reports reflect clinical experience and support medical progress. By design, the format lacks statistical sampling, placing it at the bottom of the hierarchy of clinical evidence. Case reports do not include controls, have limited sample size (one to a few individuals), and are unblinded, limitations that require a cautious approach to interpretation of findings. General medical journals publish case reports sparingly, often only publishing those that provide new information on adverse events that can be linked to an intervention [3, 4]. Journal editors may limit inclusion of case reports because they are cited less often than meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials, which negatively affects a journal’s impact factor.
The merits of large randomized studies are well known, but many clinicians recognize the value of case reports as a complement to evidence-based medicine. The case-based nature of clinical practice often is at odds with the population-based nature of research studies, where the findings may have little relevance to an individual patient. Narrow inclusion criteria and the absence of co-morbidities in randomized trials often create a disconnection between typical patient populations and populations represented in research studies [3]. Case reports provide enough detail on one or a small number of patients for clinicians to relate to their own practice. They are educational and interesting to read. For the challenging and patient-centered task of reporting on individual cases with inherent heterogeneous human variability in clinical research and the goal of applicability to real-life circumstances, the CARE guidelines provide a framework for completeness and transparency in case reports. The guidelines aid in finding the balance between adequate detail and concise writing [5].
In response to renewed interest and acknowledgment of their value, the number of peer-reviewed journals that publish case reports has increased in recent years to more than 160 [6]. In the digital era of paperless journals with few space restrictions, the case report has seen a resurgence. The digital format facilitates searches, which is a key factor in their utility [7]. Most of the case report journals are open access and have high acceptance rates. As the number of new scientific journals increases, so do the number of questionable publishers that mislead researchers regarding fees, peer review, and academic credentials. The process of submitting scientific work for publication now includes the need for thorough vetting of potential publishers.

New case report journals

In line with the growing demand for case report publishing opportunities, the number of new peer-reviewed journals that focus on case reports had increased to more than 160 journals produced by 78 publishers by mid-2015. Figure 1 shows that the number of case report journals increased rapidly beginning in 2007, a timeframe that coincides with the Great Recession of the late 2000s and the concomitant decline in federal and other funding for basic science and other research. Some of the new journals cover general medicine and others cover specific therapeutic areas. Most case report journals (94%) are open access and approximately 40% are indexed in PubMed. Clinical issues covered by case report journals include previously unreported adverse effects of drugs or other treatments, unexpected events that occur in the course of observing or treating a patient, observations on disease pathogenesis, presentations and/or management of new and emerging diseases, new therapeutic approaches, ethical challenges in patient management, and strategies for preventing or overcoming medical errors [6, 8].
Open access publishing offers freely available and unrestricted use of research and scholarship, which many researchers see as vital to efficient dissemination of science in the digital world [9]. The open access model usually requires authors to pay submission and publication fees upon acceptance, typically between US $300 and $1200 [6]. The move toward making scholarly publications more accessible through open access has continued to gain supporters among the research community. The open access publisher BioMed Central launched in 2000 with 231 articles published that year in 60 journals. In 2015, the numbers increased to more than 30,000 articles in over 290 journals. In 2014, BioMed Central articles were accessed more than 277 million times and had 426,000 citations [10]. Similarly, the number of publications from the open access publisher PLOS ONE, increased from 138 at its inception in 2006 to 28,107 in 2015 [11].
Table 1
Case report journals
Journal title
Publisher/Society
Year launched
Open access
PubMed indexed
A&A Case Reports
Wolters Kluwer Health/International Anesthesia Research Society
2013
No
No
AACE Clinical Case Reports
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
2015
Yes
No
ACG Case Reports Journal
American College of Gastroenterology
2013
Yes
Yes
AJP Reports
Thieme Medical Publishers
2011
Yes
No
American Journal of Cancer Case Reports
Ivy Union Publishing
2013
Yes
No
American Journal of Case Reports
International Scientific Information
2001
Yes
Yes
Aperito Journal of Case Reports: Clinical
Aperito Online Publishing
2015
Yes
No
APSP Journal of Case Reports
EL-MED-Pub Publishers/Association of Paediatric Surgeons of Pakistan
2010
Yes
Yes
Austin Cardio & Cardiovascular Case Reports
Austin Publishing Group
2015
Yes
No
Austin Gynecology Case Reports
Austin Publishing Group
2015
Yes
No
Austin Journal of Clinical Case Reports
Austin Publishing Group
2014
Yes
No
Austin Oncology Case Reports
Austin Publishing Group
2015
Yes
No
Autopsy and Case Reports
Hospital Universitario of the University of San Paulo
2011
Yes
No
BJR Case Reports
British Institute of Radiology
2015
Yes
No
BMJ Case Reports
BMJ Publishing Group
2008
No
 
Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Cardiology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine
Scientific Research Publishing
2012
Yes
No
Case Reports in Critical Care
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Dermatology
Karger
2009
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Endocrinology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Karger
2007
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Genetics
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Hematology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Hepatology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Immunology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Internal Medicine
Sciedu Press
2014
Yes
No
Case Reports in Medicine
Hindawi Publishing
2009
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Nephrology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
Karger
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Neurology
Karger
2009
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Oncology
Karger
2008
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Karger
2010
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Orthopedics
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Pancreatic Cancer
Mary Ann Liebert Inc. Publishing
2015
Yes
No
Case Reports in Pathology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Pediatrics
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Perinatal Medicine
De Gruyter
2012
Optional
No
Case Reports in Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Taylor & Francis/Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica Society
2014
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Psychiatry
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Pulmonology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Radiology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Rheumatology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Surgery
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Transplantation
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Urology
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
Hindawi Publishing
2011
Yes
Yes
Case Reports in Women’s Health
Elsevier
2014
Yes
No
Case Reports International
Edorium Journals
2012
Yes
No
Case Reports: Open Access
Jscholar
2015
Yes
No
Case Study and Case Report
Sageya Publishing
2011
Yes
No
CEN Case Reports
Springer/Japanese Society of Nephrology
2012
Optional
No
Clinical Case Reports
Wiley
2013
Yes
Yes
Clinical Case Reports and Reviews
Open Access Text
2015
Yes
No
Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
CIC Edizioni Internazionali/Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Medicine
2004
Yes
Yes
Clinical Medicine Insights: Case Reports
Libertas Academia
2008
Yes
Yes
Clinics and Practice
PAGEPress
2011
Yes
Yes
Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
2015
Yes
No
Dermatology Case Reports
OMICS International
2015
Yes
No
Diabetes Case Reports
OMICS International
2015
Yes
No
Endocrinology, Diabetes, & Metabolism Case Reports
Bioscientifica
2013
Yes
Yes
Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
Elsevier
2013
Yes
Yes
European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine
European Federation of Internal Medicine
2014
Yes
No
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
Thieme Medical Publishers
2013
Yes
Yes
European Journal of Surgical Cases
Bilimsel Tip Yayinevi
2010
Yes
No
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes Reports
Thieme Medical Publishers
2014
Yes
No
Global Journal of Medical and Clinical Case Reports
PeerTechz
2014
Yes
No
Grand Rounds
e-MED
2001
Yes
No
Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Elsevier
2011
Yes
Yes
HeartRhythm Case Reports
Elsevier/Heart Rhythm Society
2015
Yes
No
Human Pathology: Case Reports
Elsevier
2014
yes
No
IDCases
Elsevier
2014
Yes
No
IJSS Case Reports & Reviews
IJSS Group of Journals/Society of Malaysian Medical Association’s Medical Students and European Medical Student’s Association
2014
Yes
No
Indian Journal of Medical Case Reports
CIBTech
2012
Yes
No
Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management
Elsevier
2014
Yes
No
International Journal of Advances in Case Reports
McMed International
2014
Yes
No
International Journal of Case Reports and Images
Edorium Journals
2010
Yes
No
International Journal of Case Reports in Medicine
IBIMA Publishing
2012
Yes
No
International Journal of Case Studies
unclear
2012
Yes
No
International Journal of Clinical Case Studies
Graphy Publications
2014
Yes
No
International Journal of Clinical Cases and Investigations
unclear
2010
Yes
No
International Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Case Reports
ScienceDomain International
2014
Yes
No
International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Elsevier
2010
Yes
Yes
International Medical Case Reports Journal
Dove Medical Press
2008
Yes
Yes
JAAD Case Reports
Elsevier/American Academy of Dermatology
2015
Yes
No
Jacobs Journal of Clinical Case Reports
Jacobs Publishers
2015
Yes
No
JBJS Case Connector
STRIATUS Orthopaedic Communications
2011
No
No
JCRS Online Case Reports
Elsevier/American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery and European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons
2013
Yes
No
JMM Case Reports
Microbiology Society
2014
Yes
No
Joseph Journal of Clinical Studies and Medical Case Reports
Joseph Publishing Group
2015
Yes
No
Journal of Anaesthesia & Critical Care Case Reports
International Academic Research Group
2015
Yes
No
Journal of Cardiology Cases
Elsevier/Japanese College of Cardiology
2010
No
No
Journal of Case Reports
unclear
2011
Yes
No
Journal of Case Reports and Clinical Research Studies
VRJ Publishers
2014
Yes
No
Journal of Case Reports and Images in Medicine
Edorium
2015
Yes
No
Journal of Case Reports and Images in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Edorium
2015
Yes
No
Journal of Case Reports and Images in Oncology
Edorium
2015
Yes
No
Journal of Case Reports and Images in Pathology
Edorium
2015
Yes
No
Journal of Case Reports and Images in Surgery
Edorium
2015
Yes
No
Journal of Case Reports and Studies
Annex Publishers
2013
Yes
No
Journal of Case Reports in Medicine
Ashdin Publishing
2012
Yes
No
Journal of Case Reports in Oncology and Therapy
EJourPub
2015
Yes
No
Journal of Case Reports in Practice
Saman Publishing
2013
Yes
No
Journal of Clinical & Medical Case Reports
Avens Publishing Group
2013
Yes
No
Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology Case Reports
Elsevier
2015
Yes
No
Journal of Clinical Case Reports
OMICS International
2011
Yes
No
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports
Herald Scholarly Open Access
2014
Yes
No
Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
Specjaliści Dermatolodzy
2007
No
No
Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
SAGE Publications
2013
Yes
No
Journal of Knee Surgery Reports
Thieme Medical Publishers
2013
Yes
No
Journal of Medical Case Reports
BioMed Central
2007
Yes
Yes
Journal of Medical Cases
Elmer Press
2010
Yes
No
Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Thieme Medical Publishers
2012
Yes
Yes
Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Indian Orthopaedic Research Group
2011
Yes
No
Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports
Elsevier
2013
Yes
No
Journal of Radiology Case Reports
EduRad Publishing
2008
Yes
Yes
Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Oxford University Press
2010
Yes
Yes
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report
Wolters Kluwer Health
2014
Yes
Yes
Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases
Elsevier/Society for Vascular Surgery
2015
Yes
No
JPRAS Open
Elsevier/British Association of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons
2015
Yes
No
JSM Clinical Case Reports
JSciMed Central
2013
Yes
No
Medical Case Studies
Academic Journals
2010
Yes
No
Medical Mycology Case Reports
Elsevier/International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
2012
Yes
Yes
MOJ Clinical & Medical Case Reports
MedCrave
2015
Yes
No
Neurocase
Taylor & Francis
1995
Optional
Yes
NMC Case Report Journal
Japan Neurosurgical Society
2014
Yes
No
OA Case Reports
OA Publishing London
2012
yes
No
Oncology & Cancer Case Reports
OMICS International
2015
Yes
No
Open Journal of Clinical and Medical Case Reports
unclear
2015
Yes
No
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Cases
Elsevier
2015
yes
No
Oxford Medical Case Reports
Oxford University Press
2014
Yes
Yes
Pathology Case Reviews
Wolters Kluwer Health
1996
No
No
Pediatric Urology Case Reports
Hayrettin Ozturk
2014
Yes
No
Radiology Case Reports
Elsevier/University of Washington
2006
Yes
No
Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Elsevier
2008
Yes
Yes
Respirology Case Reports
Wiley/Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
2013
Yes
Yes
Retinal Cases and Brief Reports
Wolters Kluwer Health
2007
Optional
Yes
SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
SAGE Publications
2013
Yes
Yes
Scholarena Journal of Case Reports
Scholarena
2014
Yes
No
Scholars Journal of Medical Case Reports
SAS Publishers
2013
Yes
No
Southeast Asian Journal of Case Report and Review
Sageya Publishing
2012
Yes
No
Surgical Case Reports
Springer/Japan Surgical Society
2015
Yes
No
The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Thieme Medical Publishers
2014
Yes
Yes
Translational Medicine Case Reports
Elsevier/European Society for Translational Medicine
2015
Yes
No
Trauma Case Reports
Elsevier
2015
Yes
No
Urology Case Reports
Elsevier
2013
yes
No
World Journal of Clinical Cases
Baishideng Publishing Group
2013
Yes
Yes
World Journal of Medical and Surgical Case Reports
Narain Publishers
2012
Yes
No
Reprinted with permission from Akers [6]

Controversial journals and publishers

As scientific publishing shifts from a business model of subscription revenue to open access, the number of open access journals has exploded. However, the proliferation of journals that will publish seemingly anything for a fee has caused alarm among many in the global research community. Alongside many respected open access publishers, others have entered the space acting in bad faith. Some see it as the “dark side” of open access, a growing collection of pseudo-academic, prestigiously titled journals, many of which have similar but not quite identical websites and names to those of well-known established journals. Many of the websites look sufficiently impressive that non-experts doing online research have trouble distinguishing credible research from junk. Experienced academics have been misled into submitting manuscripts and even serving on editorial boards for pseudo-academic journals, agreements that often are difficult to undo. Most of these journals do not post their publication fees, and often authors are not informed of fees until after submitting a manuscript. Withdrawal of a manuscript, which is necessary before submitting the same paper to a legitimate journal, may require payment of the high fees first [12]. For some authors, this means their work may be lost essentially to the disreputable publisher. Many researchers have complained about poorly executed or absent peer review, hidden fees for submission and publication, and unapproved inclusion of researchers’ names on editorial boards.
Jeffrey Beall, a librarian and associate professor at Auraria Library at the University of Colorado, Denver, coined the term “predatory open access publishing” to describe this situation. He is a critic of open access publishing, blaming the system for creating the problem of predatory publishers. His blog Scholarly Open Access, although removed by Beall for unknown reasons in January 2017, closely monitored the increasing number of open access publishers and alerted readers to individuals, publishers, publications, meetings, and scholarly metrics that, in the view of Mr Beall, appeared to exploit the open access model [13]. He maintained a list of “potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers” and another list of standalone journals. His criteria for inclusion on the lists were derived from the Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing from COPE, the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors [1416]. Similarly, information in these communications may help authors to discern whether they can trust a particular publisher or journal. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in the USA has taken notice of questionable publication practices. In August 2016 it filed a suit against the OMICS Group, a global conglomerate based in India that publishes more than 700 open access journals. The suit claimed that the OMICS Group misled researchers, particularly with regard to their peer-review process (or lack thereof) and high fees that were not readily apparent to authors upon manuscript submission [17]. The purpose of the lawsuit, according to the FTC, is to better inform authors of publishing fees and to have a more transparent peer-review system [18]. The case is still to be litigated in federal court in Nevada at the time of writing this article.
The challenge for watchdogs and authors alike is to decide when a publisher is untrustworthy or simply unprofessional. Some publishers may fall under suspicion due to poor copy editing or amateurish website design, but this may not reflect an outright neglect of scholarly standards. It is important not to blacklist startup publishers who lack experience. Another problem with maintaining lists of disreputable publishers is that because copycat journals are often short-lived, the blacklist will continue to grow but individual entries may quickly become obsolete.

Choose the right journal: Think. Check. Submit.

The “Think. Check. Submit.” campaign arose in response to concerns about publishing practices, and the effort is supported by a coalition of scholarly publishing organizations. “Think. Check. Submit.” takes a positive approach to help researchers identify credible journals, providing up-to-date guidance for choosing where to publish [18, 19]. To ascertain whether a journal is trusted, authors are advised to follow this checklist:
  • Do you or your colleagues know the journal?
    • Have you read any articles in the journal before?
    • Is it easy to discover the latest papers in the journal?
  • Can you easily identify and contact the publisher?
    • Is the publisher name clearly displayed on the journal website?
    • Can you contact the publisher by telephone, email, and post?
  • Is the journal clear about the type of peer review it uses?
    • Does the journal site explain what these fees are for and when they will be charged?
  • Do you recognize the editorial board?
    • Have you heard of the editorial board members?
    • Do members of the editorial board mention the journal on their own websites?
  • Is the publisher a member of a recognized industry initiative?
    • Do they belong to the COPE?
    • If the journal is open access, is it listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)?
    • If the journal is open access, does the publisher belong to the OASPA?
    • Is the publisher a member of another trade association?
In addition to consulting colleagues and academic librarians for journal suggestions, authors have available to them several online resources. BioMed Central previously collaborated with Edanz, a company that assists authors in navigating the publication process, to create the author academy [10]. The free online guide describes best practices in writing and publishing a manuscript, including sections on choosing a journal, writing the manuscript, and publication ethics, among others. BioMed Central now contracts with Nature Research Editing Services and American Journal Experts, both of which offer similar services [20, 21].
Several automated search tools help identify suitable journals as well. Authors insert keywords from their manuscript abstract into a search engine, which then compares the words to many online publications and Edanz Journal Selector covers a broad range of journals. The online tool is free, and Edanz also offers a journal selection service (US $300) in which experts use their publication experience to identify up to four of the best journals for a given paper [22]. The Journal/Author Name Estimator (Jane) focuses on biomedical science journals by searching the Medline database published by the US National Library of Medicine [23]. Other online services offered by publishers Springer and Elsevier suggest journals from their own extensive catalogues [24, 25].

Impact factor

Journal impact factors, calculated and published by Thomson Reuters, measure the average number of citations per published article for papers published over a 2-year period. Despite the fact that the simple metric can be misleading, the impact factor has become, over time, a marker of journal prestige and desirability. The judgment of a paper’s value is often based more on the journal in which it appears than on its content. Many researchers contend that reliance on impact factors undervalues disciplines or study designs, such as case reports, which have lower citation rates. Overall, the number of citations of an article is commensurate with hierarchies of evidence, with meta-analyses receiving more citations than any other study design. Case reports typically receive few citations, although there are notable exceptions [26]. The number of citations of an article, however, does not necessarily reflect how widely the article has been read or the dissemination of the findings in mainstream media [27].
Efforts to embrace a broader view of value in scientific communication, and perhaps diminish the influence of impact factors, have emerged. Journals of the American Society for Microbiology (ASM) no longer advertise impact factors on their websites. Similarly, in recognizing that impact factors are just one of a number of metrics, Nature journals list a suite of citation-based metrics. Only one case report journal, Taylor & Francis’s Neurocase, has received an impact factor (1.124), dating back to 1998.
Medicine/National Institutes of Health Indexed research databases are often curated to ensure the quality of included publications. Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters) offers The Web of Science™, as one such example, and recently introduced the “Emerging Sources Citation Index” to complement their more selective indexes. This collection reflects the growing number of peer-reviewed publications of regional importance and in emerging fields [28].
In conclusion, the growth in number of case report journals has provided authors multiple avenues for publication but, at the same time, it has introduced a new level of uncertainty in the journal selection process. Factors to consider when choosing a journal are: the topics the journal covers, the target audience, length restrictions, and the time to publication. Open access publications, such as the Journal of Medical Case Reports from BioMed Central, offer high visibility, relatively rapid publication, and transparent publication policies. The reputation of the journal plays an increasingly important part of the decision, requiring thorough vetting of potential journals.

Acknowledgements

We thank the reviewers for their insightful and helpful comments on our editorial.

Authors’ contributions

All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Competing interests

RAR is a Deputy Editor and MRK is the Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Medical Case Reports. JKS has nothing to disclose.

Publisher’s Note

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Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://​creativecommons.​org/​licenses/​by/​4.​0/​), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://​creativecommons.​org/​publicdomain/​zero/​1.​0/​) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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