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23.06.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 9/2018

Osteoporosis International 9/2018

Hypovitaminosis D: comparison between patients with hip fracture and patients with vertebral fractures

Zeitschrift:
Osteoporosis International > Ausgabe 9/2018
Autoren:
S. Giordano, A. Proietti, T. Bisaccia, P. Caso, A. Martocchia, P. Falaschi, L. Tafaro

Abstract

Summary

This study analyses the difference in 25OH-vitamin D values between two groups of patients both affected by severe osteoporosis with fragility fractures, but one group has vertebral fractures and the other one has hip fractures. Patients with hip fractures have vitamin D values lower than patients with vertebral fractures.

Introduction

The purpose of this study was to evaluate 25OHD levels in patients with fragility vertebral fractures (VF) and hip fractures (HF) and make a comparison between the groups.

Methods

In the first group were enrolled ambulatory patients with 3 or more moderate to severe VF; in the second group were enrolled patients hospitalized in the Department of Orthogeriatrics undergoing surgery for HF. For all patients, we collected values of 25OHD and PTH. The group of patients with VF was further subdivided into pre-existing VF or recent VF treated within 30 days with vertebroplasty.

Results

The sample consists of 180 subjects divided into two groups: 90 with VF and 90 with HF. The average value of 25OHD in the total sample was 13.2 ± 9.6 ng/ml, Vitamin D was significantly lower in the HF group than the VF group (p < 0.001)(VF 18.6 ± 9.7 ng/ml, HF 7.9 ± 5.7 ng/ml). The mean PTH value in the total sample was 67.5 ± 54.9 pg/ml and PTH was significantly higher in the HF group compared to the group with VF (p < 0.001) (VF 55.6 ± 27.2 pg/ml, HF 78.7 ± 70.2 pg/ml). The mean 25OHD value in the recent VF group is 16.0 ± 6.6 ng/ml while in the pre-existing VF group is 19.5 ± 10.4 ng/ml with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.001).

Conclusions

Patients of the same age with severe osteoporosis have a lower 25OHD value when the fracture occur at the hip and is recent, probably this is due to the inflammation caused by fracture and/or surgical intervention.

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Literatur
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