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01.04.2008 | Ausgabe 4/2008

Surgical Endoscopy 4/2008

Iatrogenic biliary injury: 13,305 cholecystectomies experienced by a single surgical team over more than 13 years

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 4/2008
Autoren:
O. Tantia, M. Jain, S. Khanna, B. Sen

Abstract

Background

Biliary injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) are complications better avoided than treated. These injuries cause long-lasting morbidity and can be fatal. The authors present their experience with biliary injury in LC during a period exceeding 13 years.

Methods

Between January 1992 and December 2005, 13,305 LCs were performed at the authors’ institution. The biliary injuries in these cases were recorded and analyzed retrospectively.

Results

A total of 52 biliary injuries were identified in 13,305 LCs, for an overall incidence of 0.39%. Of these, 32 (0.24%) were diagnosed intraoperatively and 20 (0.15%) were diagnosed postoperatively. The perioperative bile duct injuries (BDIs) included 6 complete transections (5 treated by hepaticojejunostomy and 1 by primary T-tube repair (TTR), all performed by conversion to open procedure), 11 lateral BDIs (2 treated by laparoscopic choledochojejunostomy [CJ], 1 by open CJ, 5 by laparoscopic TTR, 1 by open TTR, and 2 by primary suture repair, both performed laparoscopically), 11 duct of Luschka injuries, and 4 sectoral duct injuries. The BDIs detected postoperatively included 6 patients with bilioma (treated with ultrasonography-guided aspiration), 4 patients with biliary peritonitis (requiring relaparoscopy and peritoneal lavage and drainage followed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography [ERC] and biliary stenting), and 10 patients with persistent biliary leak-controlled biliary fistula (requiring ERC and stenting). There was no mortality related to BDI in the series. Patients with Strasberg type A/C/D injuries (46 cases) were followed 3 months to 3 years with no major complaints. Two patients with complete transection were lost to follow-up evaluation, whereas the other four patients, followed 18 months to 3 years, were asymptomatic.

Conclusions

According to the findings, LC is a safe procedure with an incidence of biliary injury comparable with that for open cholecystectomy. Single-center studies such as this are important to ensure that standards of surgery are maintained in the community.

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