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01.12.2017 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Thrombosis Journal 1/2017

Identification of novel mutations in congenital afibrinogenemia patients and molecular modeling of missense mutations in Pakistani population

Thrombosis Journal > Ausgabe 1/2017
Arshi Naz, Arijit Biswas, Tehmina Nafees Khan, Anne Goodeve, Nisar Ahmed, Nazish Saqlain, Shariq Ahmed, Ikram Din Ujjan, Tahir S Shamsi, Johannes Oldenburg
Wichtige Hinweise
A correction to this article is available online at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12959-019-0193-9.



Congenital afibrinogenemia (OMIM #202400) is a rare coagulation disorder that was first described in 1920. It is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait that is characterized by absent levels of fibrinogen (factor I) in plasma. Consanguinity in Pakistan and its neighboring countries has resulted in a higher number of cases of congenital fibrinogen deficiency in their respective populations. This study focused on the detection of mutations in fibrinogen genes using DNA sequencing and molecular modeling of missense mutations in all three genes [Fibrinogen gene alpha (FGA), beta (FGB) and gamma (FGG)] in Pakistani patients.


This descriptive and cross sectional study was conducted in Karachi and Lahore and fully complied with the Declaration of Helsinki. Patients with fibrinogen deficiency were screened for mutations in the Fibrinogen alpha (FGA), beta (FGB) and gamma (FGG) genes by direct sequencing. Molecular modeling was performed to predict the putative structure functional impact of the missense mutations identified in this study.


Ten patients had mutations in FGA followed by three mutations in FGB and three mutations in FGG, respectively. Twelve of these mutations were novel. The missense mutations were predicted to result in a loss of stability because they break ordered regions and cause clashes in the hydrophobic core of the protein.


Congenital afibrinogenemia is a rapidly growing problem in regions where consanguinity is frequently practiced. This study illustrates that mutations in FGA are relatively more common in Pakistani patients and molecular modeling of the missense mutations has shown damaging protein structures which has profounding effect on phenotypic bleeding manifestations in these patients.
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